The bonding of atoms is described as function of the electrostatic forces, covalent bonding, mixed bonding van der Waals bonding hydrogen and metallic bonding, and Born repulsion, yielding equilibrium distance and ionic or atomic radii that are tabulated. Repulsive potential softness parameters and Mohs hardness are tabulated Close packing of ions/atoms determine ordering preferences. Compressibility and Madelung constants, lattice constants and bond length are discussed and tabulated (Table 1.2). Electronegativity, ionicity and effective charges for numerous AB-compounds are listed. Atomic electron density profiles are given.


Atomic Radius Electron Density Distribution Metallic Bonding Softness Parameter Interatomic Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl W. Böer
    • 1
  1. 1.University of DelawareNaplesUSA

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