Characterisation of Cylinder Liner Honing Textures for Production Control

  • Zlate Dimkovski
  • Cecilia Anderberg
  • Robert Ohlsson
  • B.-G. RosénEmail author


It is of common interest to reduce oil consumption and frictional losses in internal combustion engines, which are heavily influenced by the quality of the cylinder liner surface. The plateau cross-hatch topography of a cylinder liner consists of a system of grooves of different density, width and depth, some parts covered by folded metal, and some parts totally interrupted and unbalanced as a result of imperfection in the honing process. These grooves are critical for good liner function, and need to be quickly and objectively quantified for an efficient surface finish development. A suitable way to do this is to use 3D interference measurements and to combine profile and image analysis. Thus, the features/parameters, such as honing angle, balance of honing texture, groove interrupts, width, height, and distance between grooves, are successively quantified. Here, these parameters, along with areal surface texture parameters in the published ISO specification standard were used in two case studies. The first case study is on the effect of the folded metal on the surfaces of run truck liners and the second is an evaluation of the improvements of the surface quality introduced by the diamond honing in production of car liners. In addition, based on the significant parameters of the surface, a general characterisation tool for qualifying the surface quality and determination of the required number of measurements is presented.


Control Limit Groove Width Cylinder Liner Bottom Region Liner Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of symbols


groove width


groove balance


Blechmantel parameter


groove height


matrix of groove widths and heights


distance between grooves


groove coverage parameter


holes parameter


interrupt parameter


mean volume of islands


number of grooves


percentage of stray grooves


groove angle


main angle


reciprocal mean groove separation




groove order


angle between normal and x-axis


distance to origin


root-mean-square groove angle difference



The authors wish to thank the Swedish Knowledge Foundation for funding, Volvo Cars and Volvo Trucks for their kind contribution with money, man hours and liners, and Digital Surf for providing a free version of MountainsMap software.


  1. Anderberg C, Cabanettes F, Dimkovski Z, Ohlsson R, Rosén B-G (2006) The cylinder liners and consequences of improved honing. In: Proceedings of the 12th Nordic symposium in tribology, Helsingor, Denmark, Jun, Paper NT2006-11-71Google Scholar
  2. Anderberg C, Pawlus P, Rosén B-G, Thomas TR (2009) Alternative descriptions of roughness for cylinder liner production. J Mater Proc Technol 209:1936–1942CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beyerer J, Krahe D, Puente FP (2001) Characterisation of cylinder bores. In: Mainsah E, Greenwood JA, Chetwynd DG (eds) Metrology and properties of engineered surfaces. Dordrecht, Kluwer, pp 243–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dimkovski Z, Anderberg C, Ohlsson R, Rosén B-G (2008) Complementing 3D roughness parameters for monitoring of improved honing of cylinder bores, 2nd Swedish production symposium, Göteborg, Sweden, November 2008Google Scholar
  5. Dimkovski Z, Anderberg C, Ohlsson R, Rosén B-G (2011a) Characterisation of worn cylinder liner surfaces by segmentation of honing and wear scratches. Wear 271:548–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dimkovski Z, Bååth L, Rosén S, Ohlsson R, Rosén B-G (2011b) Interference measurements of deposits on cylinder liner surfaces. Wear 270:247–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dimkovski Z, Anderberg C, Rosén B-G, Ohlsson R, Thomas TR (2009) Quantification of the cold worked material inside the deep honing grooves on cylinder liner surfaces and its effect on wear. Wear 267:2235–2242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Goetze AG Honing Guide (1988) Rating criteria for the honing of cylinder running surfaces, Burscheid, Hauptverwaltung, D-5093Google Scholar
  9. Grabon W, Pawlus P, Sep J (2010) Tribological characteristics of one-process and two-process cylinder liner honed surfaces under reciprocating sliding conditions. Tribol Int 43:1882–1892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hough P V C (1962) Methods and means for recognizing complex patterns. US patent 3069654Google Scholar
  11. Jocsak J, Li Y, Tian T, Wong VW (2006) Modeling and optimizing honing texture for reduced friction in internal combustion engines. SAE Technical paper series 2006-01-0647Google Scholar
  12. Johansson S, Nilsson PH, Ohlsson R, Anderberg C, Rosén B-G (2008) New cylinder liner surfaces for low oil consumption. Tribol Int 41:854–859CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kanthababu M, Shunmugam MS, Singaperumal M (2009) Identification of significant parameters and appropriate levels in honing of cylinder liners. Int J Mach Mach Mater 5:80–96Google Scholar
  14. Keller J, Fridrici V, Kapsa Ph, Vidaller S, Huard JF (2009) Influence of material nature and surface texturing on wear of heavy-duty diesel engine cylinder liners. Tribol Trans 52:121–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Michalski J, Wos P (2011) The effect of cylinder liner surface topography on abrasive wear of piston-cylinder assembly in combustion engine. Wear 271(12):582–589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Pawlus P, Cieslak T, Mathia T (2009) The study of cylinder liner plateau honing process. J Mater Proc Technol 209:6078–6086CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sabri L, Mezghani S, El Mansori M, Zahouani H (2011) Multiscale study of finish-honing process in mass production of cylinder liner. Wear 271:509–513CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zlate Dimkovski
    • 1
  • Cecilia Anderberg
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert Ohlsson
    • 3
  • B.-G. Rosén
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Functional Surfaces Research GroupSchool of Business and Engineering Halmstad UniversityHalmstadSweden
  2. 2.Volvo Cars Corp. Base Engine Department GothenburgHalmstadSweden
  3. 3.Volvo Power Train CorpVolvo Group GothenburgHalmstadSweden

Personalised recommendations