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Point-Based Policy Transformation: Adapting Policy to Changing POMDP Models

  • Hanna Kurniawati
  • Nicholas M. Patrikalakis
Part of the Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics book series (STAR, volume 86)

Abstract

Motion planning under uncertainty that can efficiently take into account changes in the environment is critical for robots to operate reliably in our living spaces. Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP) provides a systematic and general framework for motion planning under uncertainty. Point-based POMDP has advanced POMDP planning tremendously over the past few years, enabling POMDP planning to be practical for many simple to moderately difficult robotics problems. However, when environmental changes alter the POMDP model, most existing POMDP planners recompute the solution from scratch, often wasting significant computational resources that have been spent for solving the original problem. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm, called Point-Based Policy Transformation (PBPT), that solves the altered POMDP problem by transforming the solution of the original problem to accommodate changes in the problem. PBPT uses the point-based POMDP approach. It transforms the original solution by modifying the set of sampled beliefs that represents the belief space B, and then uses this new set of sampled beliefs to revise the original solution. Preliminary results indicate that PBPT generates a good policy for the altered POMDP model in a matter of minutes, while recomputing the policy using the fastest offline POMDP planner today fails to find a policy with similar quality after two hours of planning time, even when the policy for the original problem is reused as an initial policy.

Keywords

Optimal Policy Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Reward Function Good Policy State Trace 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Information Technology & Electrical EngineeringUniversity of QueenslandQueenslandAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Center for Ocean EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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