Hand Modeling and Tracking for Video-Based Sign Language Recognition by Robust Principal Component Analysis

  • Wei Du
  • Justus Piater
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6553)

Abstract

Hand modeling and tracking are essential in video-based sign language recognition. The high reformability and the large number of degrees of freedom of hands render the problem difficult. To tackle these challenges, a novel approach based on robust principal component analysis (PCA) is proposed. The robust PCA incorporates an L1 norm objective function to deal with background clutter, and a projection pursuit strategy to deal with the lack of alignment due to the deformation of hands. The learning algorithm of the robust PCA is very simple, involving only a search for the solutions in a finite set constructed from the training data, which leads to the learning of much more representative and interpretable bases. The incorporation of the L1 regularization in the fitting of the learned robust PCA models results in cleaner reconstructions and more stable fitting. Based on the robust PCA, a hand tracking system is developed that contains a skin-color region segmentation based on graph cuts and template matching in the framework of particle filtering. Experiments on a publicly available sign-language video database demonstrates the strength of the method.

Keywords

hand modeling and tracking sign language recognition robust PCA L1 norm 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Du
    • 1
  • Justus Piater
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Montefiore InstituteUniversity of LiègeLiegeBelgium

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