Automatic Verification of Advanced Object-Oriented Features: The AutoProof Approach

  • Julian Tschannen
  • Carlo Alberto Furia
  • Martin Nordio
  • Bertrand Meyer
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7682)

Abstract

Static program verifiers such as Spec#, Dafny, jStar, and VeriFast define the state of the art in automated functional verification techniques. The next open challenges are to make verification tools usable even by programmers not fluent in formal techniques. This paper discusses some techniques used in AutoProof, a verification tool that translates Eiffel programs to Boogie and uses the Boogie verifier to prove them. In an effort to be usable with real programs, AutoProof fully supports several advanced object-oriented features including polymorphism, inheritance, and function objects. AutoProof also adopts simple strategies to reduce the amount of annotations needed when verifying programs (e.g., frame conditions). The paper illustrates the main features of AutoProof’s translation, including some whose implementation is underway, and demonstrates them with examples and a case study.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Banerjee, A., Naumann, D.A., Rosenberg, S.: Regional Logic for Local Reasoning about Global Invariants. In: Dell’Acqua, P. (ed.) ECOOP 2008. LNCS, vol. 5142, pp. 387–411. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barnett, M., Leino, K.R.M., Schulte, W.: The Spec# Programming System: An Overview. In: Barthe, G., Burdy, L., Huisman, M., Lanet, J.-L., Muntean, T. (eds.) CASSIS 2004. LNCS, vol. 3362, pp. 49–69. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Darvas, Á., Leino, K.R.M.: Practical Reasoning About Invocations and Implementations of Pure Methods. In: Dwyer, M.B., Lopes, A. (eds.) FASE 2007. LNCS, vol. 4422, pp. 336–351. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Distefano, D., Parkinson, M.J.: jStar: Towards Practical Verification for Java. In: Proceedings of OOPSLA, pp. 213–226 (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Flanagan, C., Leino, K.R.M., Lillibridge, M., Nelson, G., Saxe, J.B., Stata, R.: Extended static checking for Java. In: PLDI, pp. 234–245. ACM (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Furia, C.A., Meyer, B.: Inferring Loop Invariants Using Postconditions. In: Blass, A., Dershowitz, N., Reisig, W. (eds.) Fields of Logic and Computation. LNCS, vol. 6300, pp. 277–300. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gamma, E., Helm, R., Johnson, R., Vlissides, J.: Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software. Addison Wesley (1994)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jacobs, B., Smans, J., Piessens, F.: A Quick Tour of the VeriFast Program Verifier. In: Ueda, K. (ed.) APLAS 2010. LNCS, vol. 6461, pp. 304–311. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Leavens, G.T., Leino, K.R.M., Müller, P.: Specification and verification challenges for sequential object-oriented programs. Formal Aspects of Computing 19(2), 159–189 (2007)CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Leino, K.R.M.: This is Boogie 2. Technical report, Microsoft Research (2008)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Leino, K.R.M.: Dafny: An Automatic Program Verifier for Functional Correctness. In: Clarke, E.M., Voronkov, A. (eds.) LPAR-16 2010. LNCS, vol. 6355, pp. 348–370. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Leino, K.R.M., Müller, P.: Verification of Equivalent-Results Methods. In: Drossopoulou, S. (ed.) ESOP 2008. LNCS, vol. 4960, pp. 307–321. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Leino, K.R.M., Müller, P.: A Basis for Verifying Multi-threaded Programs. In: Castagna, G. (ed.) ESOP 2009. LNCS, vol. 5502, pp. 378–393. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Meyer, B.: Object-Oriented Software Construction, 2nd edn. Prentice Hall (1997)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Müller, P.: Modular Specification and Verification of Object-Oriented Programs. LNCS, vol. 2262. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)MATHGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Müller, P., Nordio, M.: Proof-transforming compilation of programs with abrupt termination. In: SAVCBS 2007: Proceedings of the 2007 Conference on Specification and Verification of Component-Based Systems, pp. 39–46 (2007)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nordio, M.: Proofs and Proof Transformations for Object-Oriented Programs. PhD thesis, ETH Zurich, Switzerland (2009)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nordio, M., Calcagno, C., Meyer, B., Müller, P.: Reasoning about Function Objects. Technical Report 615, ETH Zurich (2008)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Nordio, M., Calcagno, C., Meyer, B., Müller, P., Tschannen, J.: Reasoning about Function Objects. In: Vitek, J. (ed.) TOOLS 2010. LNCS, vol. 6141, pp. 79–96. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nordio, M., Calcagno, C., Müller, P., Meyer, B.: A Sound and Complete Program Logic for Eiffel. In: Oriol, M., Meyer, B. (eds.) TOOLS EUROPE 2009. LNBIP, vol. 33, pp. 195–214. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Nordio, M., Estler, H.-C., Furia, C.A., Meyer, B.: Collaborative software development on the web, arXiv:1105.0768v3 (2011)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Nordio, M., Müller, P., Meyer, B.: Proof-Transforming Compilation of Eiffel Programs. In: Paige, R.F., Meyer, B. (eds.) TOOLS-EUROPE 2008. LNBIP, vol. 11, pp. 316–335. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    O’Hearn, P.W., Yang, H., Reynolds, J.C.: Separation and information hiding. In: POPL 2004, pp. 268–280 (2004)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Polikarpova, N., Furia, C.A., Meyer, B.: Specifying Reusable Components. In: Leavens, G.T., O’Hearn, P., Rajamani, S.K. (eds.) VSTTE 2010. LNCS, vol. 6217, pp. 127–141. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tschannen, J.: Automatic verification of Eiffel programs. Master’s thesis, Chair of Software Engineering, ETH Zurich (2009)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tschannen, J., Furia, C.A., Nordio, M., Meyer, B.: Usable Verification of Object-Oriented Programs by Combining Static and Dynamic Techniques. In: Barthe, G., Pardo, A., Schneider, G. (eds.) SEFM 2011. LNCS, vol. 7041, pp. 382–398. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Tschannen, J., Furia, C.A., Nordio, M., Meyer, B.: Verifying Eiffel programs with Boogie. In: First International Workshop on Intermediate Verification Languages, BOOGIE (2011), http://arxiv.org/abs/1106.4700
  28. 28.
    van Staden, S., Calcagno, C., Meyer, B.: Verifying Executable Object-Oriented Specifications with Separation Logic. In: D’Hondt, T. (ed.) ECOOP 2010. LNCS, vol. 6183, pp. 151–174. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julian Tschannen
    • 1
  • Carlo Alberto Furia
    • 1
  • Martin Nordio
    • 1
  • Bertrand Meyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Chair of Software EngineeringETH ZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations