Creating a LO Metadata Profile for Distance Learning: An Ontological Approach

  • George Nikolopoulos
  • Aikaterini Kalou
  • Christos Pierrakeas
  • Achilles Kameas
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 343)

Abstract

The importance of Learning Objects (LOs) in the learning process - especially in the case of distance education - has been underlined significantly in the literature. The ability of administrating LOs in terms of accessibility, reusability and interoperability seems to be ensured by adopting an appropriate metadata schema which fully and adequately describes them. Several metadata standards have been developed such as DC (Dublin Core) and IEEE-LOM. In the context of our work, we explore them and conclude that none of these standards does completely meet the requirements of distance learning material. Therefore, we propose a new metadata schema that is actually an application profile of the widely adopted IEEE LOM and has special orientation in distance education. We also enrich this subset with some additional attributes that represent concepts like learning outcomes. Then, we create an ontological representation of this new educational schema with a view to improving the potential of LOs’ discovery and retrieval within an intelligent e-learning system.  

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Al-Khalifa, H.S., Hugh, D.: The Evolution of Metadata from Standards to Semantics in E-Learning Applications. In: Proceedings of Seventh Conf. Hypertext and Hypermedia, Hypertext 2006 (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Berners-Lee, T.: Web architecture: Metadata. Retrieved from World Wide Web Consortium, W3C (1997), http://www.w3.org
  3. 3.
    DCMI: Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, version 1.1. DCMI Recommendation (2008), http://www.dublincore.org/documents/dces/
  4. 4.
    DCMI: DCMI Metadata Terms. DCMI Recommendation (2008), http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/
  5. 5.
    Gaević, D., Jovanović, J., Devedžić, V.: Ontologies for Reusing Learning Object Content. . In: Proceedings of the 5th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (3th International Workshop on Applications of Semantic Web Technologies for e-Learning), Kaohsiung, Taiwan, pp. 650–654 (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Grüninger, M., Fox, M.S.: Methodology for the design and evaluation of ontologies. In: IJCAI 1995 Workshop on Basic Ontological Issues in Knowledge Sharing (1995)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Heery, R., Patel, M.: Application profiles: mixing and matching metadata schemas. Ariadne (25) (2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hodgins, W., Duval, E.: Draft Standard for Learning Object Metadata. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (2002), http://ltsc.ieee.org/wg12/files/LOM_1484_12_1_v1_Final_Draft.pdf
  9. 9.
    Kalou, A., Solomou, G., Pierrakeas, C., Kameas, A.: An Ontology Model for Building, Classifying and Using Learning Outcomes. In: International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, Rome (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kouneli, A., Solomou, G., Pierrakeas, C., Kameas, A.: Modeling the Knowledge Domain of the Java Programming Language as an Ontology. In: Popescu, E., Li, Q., Klamma, R., Leung, H., Specht, M. (eds.) ICWL 2012. LNCS, vol. 7558, pp. 152–159. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nilsson, M., Palmér, M., Brase, J.: The LOM RDF binding - principles and implementation. In: 3rd Annual Ariadne Conference. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium (2003)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Noy, N., McGuiness, D.: Ontology Development 101: A Guide to Creating Your First Ontology. Stanford Knowledge Systems Laboratory Technical Report KSL-01-05 (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Schreurs, J., Al-Zoubi, A.Y.: Converting Content to Reusable Learning Objects Adaptable to User Preferences and Infrastructure. In: Bastiaens, T., Carliner, S. (eds.) Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2007, pp. 6537–6544. AACE, Chesapeake (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Nikolopoulos
    • 1
  • Aikaterini Kalou
    • 1
  • Christos Pierrakeas
    • 1
  • Achilles Kameas
    • 1
  1. 1.Educational Content, Methodology and Technology Laboratory (e-CoMeT Lab)Hellenic Open University (HOU)PatrasGreece

Personalised recommendations