Time Series Discretization Based on the Approximation of the Local Slope Information

  • Willian Zalewski
  • Fabiano Silva
  • Huei Diana Lee
  • Andre Gustavo Maletzke
  • Feng Chung Wu
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7637)


In the last decade symbolic representations approaches have shown effectiveness for knowledge discovery in time series, such as the Symbolic Aggregate Approximation (SAX). However, SAX doesn’t preserve the local slope information of the time series because it uses only the mean values of the segments. The modification Extended SAX (ESAX) proposed to treat this problem by the dimensionality increase. In this paper, we present a symbolic representation method that preserves the behavior of local slope characteristics in the symbolic representations of the time series. The proposed method was evaluated with three different discretization approaches and compared with the SAX and the ESAX algorithms. The experimental evaluation, using artificial and real datasets with 1-nearest-neighbor classification, demonstrate the method effectiveness to reduce the error rates of time series classification and to keep the local slope information in the symbolic representations.


time series knowledge discovery symbolic representation classification dimensionality reduction 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Willian Zalewski
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fabiano Silva
    • 1
  • Huei Diana Lee
    • 2
  • Andre Gustavo Maletzke
    • 2
  • Feng Chung Wu
    • 2
  1. 1.Formal Methods and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory – LIAMFFederal University of Parana – UFPRCuritibaBrazil
  2. 2.Bioinformatics Laboratory – LABIState University of West Parana – UNIOESTEFoz do IguassuBrazil

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