Cost-Effective Single-Camera Multi-Car Parking Monitoring and Vacancy Detection towards Real-World Parking Statistics and Real-Time Reporting
Parking is a huge problem in densely populated areas and drivers spend a significant amount of time finding a suitable place to park their cars. A system that could show drivers the nearest available space would result in enormous savings of time, fuel, and street space. In order to achieve that, real-world periodic statistical analysis of car parking areas could help increase efficiency. Ideally, real-time information could also be used to create personalized suggestions to drivers, thus enabling satisficing of a wide range of possible criteria of optimality. We propose a system that uses a single camera for a wide-area external parking, followed by a combination of two kinds of algorithms: static image analysis of parking lot spaces using a combination of histogram classification and edge detection, and dynamic image analysis using blob analysis. Our system thus achieves monitoring of parking spaces and reports statistics as well as empty slots in real-time. Our results indicate that almost 90% of empty spots are reported correctly, resulting in significant savings through a highly cost-effective single-camera system which can monitor more than 100 spaces.
KeywordsParking Vacancy Static Analysis Car Movement Dynamic Analysis Image Processing
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Gantelet, E., Lefauconnier, A.: The Time Looking for A Parking Space: Strategies, Associated Nuisances and Stakes of Parking Management in France. In: European Transport Conference, p. 6 (2006)Google Scholar
- 2.Ichihashi, H., Notsu, A., Honda, K., Katada, T., Fujiyoshi, M.: Vacant Parking Space Detector for Outdoor Parking Lot by Using Surveillance Camera and FCM Classifier. In: IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, pp. 127–134 (2009)Google Scholar
- 3.Salem, M., Watson, D.: Person Tracking for Parking Space Vacancy Prediction. Technical Report, University of California (2007)Google Scholar
- 4.Wah, C.: Catherine. Parking Space Vacancy Monitoring. Technical Report, University of California (2009)Google Scholar
- 5.Liu, S.: Robust Vehicle Detection from Parking Lot Images. Technical Report, Boston University (2005)Google Scholar
- 6.Mejia-Inigo, R., Barilla-Perez, M.E., Montes-Venegas, H.: A. Color-based Texture Image Segmentation for Vehicle Detection. In: Image Segmentation, pp. 273–290 (2011)Google Scholar
- 7.True, N.: Vacant Parking Space Detection in Static Images. Technical Report, University of California (2007)Google Scholar