Does Social Network Always Promote Entrepreneurial Intentions? Part I: Theoretical Model

  • Lu Xiao
  • Ming Fan
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7663)

Abstract

Chinese College-graduate Village Officials are supposed and encouraged to start their own business. This can keep them stay in rural areas and serve to the “New Countryside Constructions”. However, their entrepreneurial intentions are very weak with few of them interested in business-related information. Especially those people who have more resources and relationships in social networks. Thus, the question whether social network always promote entrepreneurial intentions is bought to our attention. In order to verify how social network affects entrepreneurial intentions, this paper developed a theoretical model as well as several hypotheses based on research achievements obtained. Three network varieties are chosen to measure features of social network, which are network size, network heterogeneity, and properties of top node. Two mediators, entrepreneurial desirability and entrepreneurial feasibility are set between social network and entrepreneurial intension. The further research of this paper is to verify the theoretical model with database of Chinese College-graduate Village Officials samples, which will be discussed in part II.

Keywords

College-graduate Village Official Social network Network heterogeneity Entrepreneurial intentions 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Yuan, X.H., Wang, W.W.: In the Context of Entrepreneurial Economy the College-Graduate Village Officials’ Development and Function of the Changing Role. Rural Econom. 3, 123–126 (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fishbein, M., Ajzen, I.: Belief, Attitude, Intention, and Behavior: An Introduction to Theory and Research. Addison-Wesley, New York (1975)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ajzen, I.: The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organ. Behav. Human Decis. Process. 50, 1–63 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gartner, W.B., Bird, B.J., Starr, J.A.: Acting as if: Differentiating Entrepreneurial from Organizational Behavior. Entrep. Theory Pract. 16, 13–31 (1992)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bird, B.: Implementing Entrepreneurial Ideas: The Case for Intention. Acad. Manag. Rev. 13, 442–453 (1988)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shapero, A., Sokol, L.: The Social Dimensions of Entrepreneurship. In: Kent, C.A., Sex-ton, D.L., Vesper, K.H. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship, pp. 72–90. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1982)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mueller, S.L., Thomas, A.S., Jaeger, A.M.: National Entrepreneurial Potential: The Role of Culture, Economic Development, and Political History. Adv. Int. Manag. 14, 221–257 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Krueger, N.: Competing Models of Entrepreneurial intentions. J. Business Ventur. 21, 411–432 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gnyawali, D.R., Fogel, D.S.: Environments for Entrepreneurship Development: Key Dimensions and Research Implications. Entrep. Theory Practice 4, 43–62 (1994)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Aldrich, H., Zimmer, C.: Entrepreneurship through Social Networks. In: Sexton, D., Smilor, R. (eds.) The Art and Science of Entrepreneurship, Ballinger, Bosion (1986)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Oswald, J., Dilani, J.: Resourcing New Businesses: Social Networks, Bootstrapping and Firm Performance. Venture Capit. 4, 127–152 (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Granovetter, M.: The Strength of Weak Ties. Americ. J. Sociol. 78, 1360–1380 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Boyd, M.: Family and Personal Networks in International Migration: Recent Develop-ments and New Agendas. Int. Migrat. Rev. 23, 638–670 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    O’Donnell, G.A., Cummins, D., Carson, D.: The Network Construct in Entrepreneurship Research: A Review and Critique. Manag. Decis. 39, 749–760 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Birley, S.J.: The Role of Networks in the Entrepreneurial Process. J. Business Ventur. 1, 107–117 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Johanison, B., Monsted, M.: Contextualizing Entrepreneurial Networking: The Case of Scandinavia. Int. Stud. Manag. Organ. 27, 109–136 (1996)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Moore, G.: Structural determinants of men’s and women’s personal networks. American Socio. Rev. 55, 726–735 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Davidson, P., Honig, B.: The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepre-neurs. J. Business Ventur. 18, 301–331 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Granovetter, M.: Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (1974)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Linda, A., Renzulli, H.A., James, M.: Family matters: Gender, networks, and Entrepreneurial Outcomes. Social Forces 79, 523–546 (2000)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Peter, A., Robert, C., Colin, M.: Social capital and entrepreneurship in Great Britain. Enterprise Innovation Manag. Stud. 2, 119–144 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bian, Y.J.: Off the network: A Sociological Analysis of the entrepreneurial process. Sociol. 6, 74–88 (2006)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bian, Y.J.: Sources and role of urban residents’ social capital: network perspective and conduction. China Social Sci. 3, 136–146 (2004)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Davidson, P.: Determinants of entrepreneurial intentionss. In: Rent IX Workshop, Italy, November 23-24 (2012)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Krueger, N.: The impact of prior entrepreneurial exposure on perceptions of new venture feasibility and desirability. Entrep. Theory Pract. 18(1), 5–21 (1993)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kolvereid, L.: Prediction of employment status choice intentions. Entrep. Theory Pract. 21, 47–57 (1996)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Peterman, N.E., Kennedy, J.: Enterprise Education: Influencing Students’ Perceptions of Entrepreneurship. Entrep. Theory Pract., 129–144 (2003)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Reitan, B.: Entrepreneurial intentionss: a combined models approach. In: 9th Nordic Small Business Research Conference, Lillehammer, Norway, pp. 29–31 (1996)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Shapero, A.: Some social dimensions of entrepreneurship. In: Kent, C., Sexton, D., Vesper, K. (eds.) The Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship, Prentice Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kim, K., Thomas, S.: How Social Network Structure Shapes Entrepreneurial Intentions? J. Global Entrepren. Research Winter Spring 1, 3–19 (2011)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wang, W.D.: Network capital and personal capital of China’s urban residents. Sociol. 3, 151–166 (2006)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zhao, Y.D.: Social network’s role in disaster management-based on survey in Wenchuan earthquake. China Soft Science 8, 56–64 (2011)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Aizzat, M., Noor, H., et al.: Examining a Model of Entrepreneurial intentions Among Malaysians Using SEM Procedure. Euro. J. Sci. Research 33, 365–373 (2009)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lüthje, C., Franke, N.: The making of an entrepreneur: testing a model of entrepreneurial intent among engineering students at MIT. Research Manag. Develop. 33, 135–147 (2003)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Diochon, M., Gasse, Y., Menzies, T., Garand, D.: Attitudes and Entrepreneurial Action: Exploring the Link. In: Administrative Sciences of Canada, pp. 1–11 (2002)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kennedy, J., Drennan, J., Renfrow, P., Watson, B.: Situational factors and entrepreneurial intentions. In: Proceedings of the Small Entrepreneurial Association of Australia and New Zealand 16th Annual Conference, Ballarat, Australia, pp. 1–12 (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lu Xiao
    • 1
  • Ming Fan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of ManagementJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina

Personalised recommendations