Beyond Artificial Intelligence pp 213-221
Extended Mind: Is There Anything at All to Be Externalised?
The paper discusses Clark’s conception of extended mind and critically analyses his four criterions of externalised cognitive functions. Language as one of the most important means of externalisation is presented on the basis of Engelbart’s conception of human enhancement. Clark’s view of human-technology coupling is also strongly related to language which is regarded as a form of mind-transforming cognitive scaffolding. The material nature of language (as stressed by Clark in the domain of bodily gestures) is crucial for expression of mental concepts. This supports the belief that human cognitive enhancement is possible via technical means (e.g. AI-based speech prosthesis). However, from the philosophical point of view, even the categories of externality and internality of cognitive processes are very tricky.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.