Consciousness and the Quest for Sentient Robots

Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 196)

Abstract

Existing technology allows us to build robots that mimic human cognition quite successfully, but would this make these robots conscious? Would these robots really feel something and experience their existence in the world in the style of the human conscious experience? Most probably not. In order to create true conscious and sentient robots we must first consider carefully what consciousness really is; what exactly would constitute the phenomenal conscious experience. This leads to the investigation of the explanatory gap and the hard problem of consciousness and also the problem of qualia. This investigation leads to the essential requirements for conscious artifacts and these are: 1.) The realization of a perception process with qualia and percept location externalization, 2.) The realization of the introspection of the mental content, 3.) The reporting allowed by seamless integration of the various modules and 4.) A grounded self-concept with the equivalent of a somatosensory system. Cognitive architectures that are based on perception/response feedback loops and associative sub-symbolic/symbolic neural processing would seem to satisfy these requirements.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Aleksander, I., Dunmall, B.: Axioms and Tests for the Presence of Minimal Consciousness in Agents. In: Holland, O. (ed.) Machine Consciousness. Imprint Academic, UK (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aleksander, I., Morton, H.: Aristotle’s Laptop. World Scientific, Singapore (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Arrabales, R., Ledezma, A., Sanchis, A.: The Cognitive Development of Machine Consciousness Implementations. IJMC 2(2), 213–225 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Baars, B.J.: In the Theater of Consciousness. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Block, N.: On a Confusion about a Function of Consciousness. BBS 18(2), 227–287 (1995)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Boltuc, P.: The Philosophical Issue in Machine Consciousness. IJMC 1(1), 155–176 (2009)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chalmers, D.J.: Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness. JCS 2(3), 200–219 (1995)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chella, A.: Perception Loop and Machine Consciousness. APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Computers 8(1), 7–9 (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dennett, D.: Are we explaining consciousness yet? Cognition 79, 221–237 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Edelman, S.: Computing the mind; how the mind really works. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2008)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Haikonen, P.O.: An Artificial Cognitive Neural System Based on a Novel Neuron Structure and a Reentrant Modular Architecture with implications to Machine Consciousness. Dissertation, Helsinki University of Technology (1999)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Haikonen, P.O.: The Cognitive Approach to Conscious Machines. Imprint Academic, UK (2003)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Haikonen, P.O.: Robot Brains. John Wiley & Sons, UK (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Haikonen, P.O.: XCR-1: An Experimental Cognitive Robot Based on an Associative Neural Architecture. Cognitive Computation 3(2), 360–366 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Haikonen, P.O.: Consciousness and Robot Sentience. World Scientific, Singapore (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Harnad, S.: The Turing Test Is Not a Trick: Turing Indistinguishability Is a Scientific Criterion. SIGART Bulletin 3(4), 9–10 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hesslow, G.: Conscious thought as simulation of behaviour and perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6(6), 242–247 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Holland, O., Knight, R., Newcombe, R.: A Robot-Based Approach to Machine Consciousness. In: Chella, A., Manzotti, R. (eds.) Artificial Consciousness. Imprint Academic, UK (2007)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kawamura, K., Gordon, S.: From intelligent control to cognitive control. In: Proc. 11th International Symposium on Robotics and Applications, ISORA (2006)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kinouchi, Y.: A Logical Model of Consciousness on an Autonomously Adaptive System. IJMC 1(2), 235–242 (2009)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Levine, J.: Materialism and qualia: the explanatory gap. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 64, 354–361 (1983)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Manzotti, R., Tagliasco, V.: An Externalist Process-Oriented Framework for Artificial Consciousness. In: Proc. AI and Consciousness: Theoretical Foundations and Current Approaches, AAAI Fall Symposium 2007. AAAI Press, Menlo Park (2007)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Samsonovich, A.V.: Toward a Unified Catalog of Implemented Cognitive Architectures. In: Samsonovich, A.V., Johannsdottir, K.R., Chella, A., Goertzel, B. (eds.) Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 2010. IOS Press, Amsterdam (2010)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sanz, R., López, I., Bermejo-Alonso, J.: A Rationale and Vision for Machine Consciousness. In: Chella, A., Manzotti, R. (eds.) Artificial Consciousness. Imprint Academic, UK (2007)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Shanahan, M.: Embodiment and the Inner Life. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2010)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sloman, A.: An Alternative to Working on Machine Consciousness. IJMC 2(1), 1–18 (2010)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Takeno, J., Inaba, K., Suzuki, T.: Experiments and examination of mirror image cognition using a small robot. In: Proc. 6th IEEE International Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation (CIRA 2005), pp. 493–498 (2005)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Tononi, G.: Consciousness as Integrated Information: A provisional Manifesto. Biological Bulletin 215(3), 216–242 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of Illinois at SpringfieldSpringfieldUSA

Personalised recommendations