A Methodology for Integrative Documentation and Characterization of Culturally Important Statues to Support Seismic Analysis

  • Christine E. Wittich
  • Tara C. Hutchinson
  • Richard L. Wood
  • Falko Kuester
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7616)

Abstract

Motivated by observations from recent earthquakes, and in an effort to understand the seismic response of culturally important statues, a methodology is proposed for an integrative approach to document culturally important statues, which combines both engineering parameters and visualization. Documentation includes surface and material, geometric and visual, and boundary condition surveys as well as three dimensional digital reconstructions. Reconstruction facilitates attainment of geometric and mass properties using data from terrestrial laser scanning and structure-from-motion three dimensional reconstruction. The proposed methodology is applied to a representative number (24) of statues in Florence, Italy using a field survey in 2011. The majority of the statues are determined to be freestanding on rough pedestals with high aspect ratios and limited motion restriction. Using the documentation and simplified characterization obtained from these studies, it is envisioned that the seismic vulnerability and response of statues may be estimated, knowing the statues’ locations and anticipated earthquake demands at the site (building or free-field).

Keywords

cultural heritage diagnostics laser scanning structure from motion statues 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Grezzi, G.: Death toll rises to 15 in quake-struck Italy, Vancouver Sun (May 29, 2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rossetto, T., et al.: The Emilia Earthquake of May 20, 2012, University College London (2012) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vatican Insider Staff: Virgin Mary statue kills parish priest in Italian earthquake. Vatican Insider (June 15, 2012) Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wittich, C.E., Hutchinson, T.C., Wood, R.L., Kuester, F.K.: Survey and Characterization of Culturally Important Statues in Florence, Italy. SSRP: University of California, San Diego (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nigbor, R.L.: Analytical/experimental evaluation of seismic mitigation measures for art objects. Thesis (Ph. D.), University of Southern California (1989)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Levoy, M.: The Digital Michelangelo Project. Computer Graphics Forum. 18, xiii (1999)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Heinz, G., Pharaoh Pepi, I.: documentation of the oldest known life-size metal sculpture using laser scanning and photogrammetry. In: Proc. of the CIPA WG6 Int. Workshop on Scanning on Cultural Heritage Recording (2002)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tsakiri, M., Ioannidis, C., Carty, A.: Laser scanning issues for the geometrical recording of a complex statue. In: 6th Conference ‘Optical 3D Measurements Techniques’, Zurich, Switzerland (2003)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wood, R., Hutchinson, T., Wittich, C., Kuester, F.: Characterizing Cracks in the Frescoes of Sala Degli Elementi within Florence’s Palazzo Vecchio. In: Ioannides, M., Fritsch, D., Leissner, J., Davies, R., Remondino, F., Caffo, R. (eds.) EuroMed 2012. LNCS, vol. 7616, pp. 776–783. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Faro: FARO Laser Scanner Focus 3D: Features, Benefits, & Technical Specifications. FARO Technologies, Inc., Lake Mary (2011) Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
    Kazhdan, M., Bolitho, M., Hoppe, H.: Poisson Surface Reconstruction. In: Proceedings of the Eurographics Symposium on Geometry Processing, Sardinia, Italy (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christine E. Wittich
    • 1
  • Tara C. Hutchinson
    • 1
  • Richard L. Wood
    • 1
  • Falko Kuester
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Structural EngineeringUniversity of California San DiegoLa JollaUSA

Personalised recommendations