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Fundamentals of Surveying and Geodesy

  • Joseph L. AwangeEmail author
  • John B. Kyalo Kiema
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Although the environment has remained at the forefront of scientific interest for well over four decades (e.g., Lein (2012)), it is not until this decade that remote sensing of the environment using geodetic methods started gaining momentum. This has largely been fuelled by the launching and modernization of satellites that enable the environment to be measured, mapped, and modelled.

Keywords

Global Position System Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Very Long Baseline Interferometry Satellite Laser Range 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Awange JL (2012) Environmental monitoring using GNSS, global navigation satellite system. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cross PA (1985) Inertial surveying: principles, methods and accuracy. Int J Remote Sens 6(10):1585–1598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Grafarend EW, Awange JL (2012) Applications of linear and nonlinear models. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lein JK (2012) Environmental sensing: analytical techniques for earth observation, 334 pp. Springer, Berlin. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-0143-8
  5. Seeber G (2003) Satellite geodesy. Walter de Gruyter, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Uren J, Price WF (2010) Surveying for engineers. Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., New York, pp 816Google Scholar
  7. Yunck TP, Wu SC, Wu JT, Thornton CL (1990) Precise tracking of remote sensing satellites with the global positioning system. IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 28:108–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Spatial SciencesCurtin University of TechnologyPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany
  3. 3.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  4. 4.School of EnvironmentMaseno UniversityKisumuKenya
  5. 5.Geospatial and Space TechnologyUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya

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