Robust and Computationally Efficient Face Detection Using Gaussian Derivative Features of Higher Orders

  • John A. Ruiz-Hernandez
  • James L. Crowley
  • Claudine Combe
  • Augustin Lux
  • Matti Pietikäinen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7585)


In this paper, we show that a cascade of classifiers using Gaussian derivatives features up to fourth order can be used efficiently to improve the detection performance and robustness as well when compared with the popular approaches using Haar-like features or using Gaussian derivatives of lower order. We also present a new training method that structures the cascade detection so as to use the least expensive derivatives in the initial stages, so as to reduce the overall computational cost of detection. We demonstrate these improvements with experiments using two publicly available datasets (MIT+CMU and FDDB), in the face detection problem, in addition we perform several experiment to show the robustness of Gaussian derivatives when several transformations are presented in the image.


Higher-Order Gaussian Derivatives Cascade of Classifiers Face Detection Half-Octave Gaussian Pyramid 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • John A. Ruiz-Hernandez
    • 1
  • James L. Crowley
    • 2
  • Claudine Combe
    • 2
  • Augustin Lux
    • 2
  • Matti Pietikäinen
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Machine Vision ResearchUniversity of OuluFinland
  2. 2.INRIA Grenoble-Rhône-Alpes Research CenterFrance

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