Sequential Soil Vapor Extraction and Bioremediation Processes Applied to BTEX-Contaminated Soils

  • António Alves Soares
  • José Tomás Albergaria
  • Valentina F. Domingues
  • Paolo De Marco
  • Cristina Delerue-MatosEmail author
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 32)


Soil contamination is an environmental problem that affects the entire planet. In order to preserve this medium, so important to human and animal life, it is essential to perform remediation using the most appropriate technologies. The contamination of soils with petroleum hydrocarbons is one of the most common situation and more urgent to take action because of the physicochemical properties of the compounds. Soil vapor extraction (SVE) and bioremediation (BR) are the technologies that are commonly applied in these cases, SVE due to its high efficiency and capability to remove high quantities of contaminant in a short time and BR because of its simplicity and low-cost procedure.

This work describes how SVE and BR perform the remediation and the advantages of their sequential application to achieve the imposed legal limits emphasizing those that use biological processes, namely, those employing fungi.


Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Volatile Organic Compound Petroleum Hydrocarbon Soil Microflora 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are grateful to Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (Project PTDC/ECM/68056/2006) for the material support for this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • António Alves Soares
    • 1
  • José Tomás Albergaria
    • 1
  • Valentina F. Domingues
    • 1
  • Paolo De Marco
    • 2
    • 3
  • Cristina Delerue-Matos
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Requimte, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.IBMCUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Centro de Investigação em Ciências da Saúde (CICS), Instituto Superior de Ciências da Saúde – NorteCESPUGandra PRDPortugal

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