Constructing Robust Liquid State Machines to Process Highly Variable Data Streams
In this paper, we propose a mechanism to effectively control the overall neural activity in the reservoir of a Liquid State Machine (LSM) in order to achieve both a high sensitivity of the reservoir to weak stimuli as well as an improved resistance to over-stimulation for strong inputs. The idea is to employ a mechanism that dynamically changes the firing threshold of a neuron in dependence of its spike activity. We experimentally demonstrate that reservoirs employing this neural model significantly increase their separation capabilities. We also investigate the role of dynamic and static synapses in this context. The obtained results may be very valuable for LSM based real-world application in which the input signal is often highly variable causing problems of either too little or too much network activity.
KeywordsLiquid State Machine Spiking Neural Networks Reservoir Computing
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