Polynomiography via Ishikawa and Mann Iterations

  • Wiesław Kotarski
  • Krzysztof Gdawiec
  • Agnieszka Lisowska
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7431)


The aim of this paper is to present some modifications of the complex polynomial roots finding visualization process. In this paper Ishikawa and Mann iterations are used instead of the standard Picard iteration. The name polynomiography was introduced by Kalantari for that visualization process and the obtained images are called polynomiographs. Polynomiographs are interesting both from educational and artistic points of view. By the use of different iterations we obtain quite new polynomiographs that look aestheatically pleasing comparing to the ones from standard Picard iteration. As examples we present some polynomiographs for complex polynomial equation z3 − 1 = 0, permutation and doubly stochastic matrices. We believe that the results of this paper can inspire those who may be interested in created automatically aesthetic patterns. They also can be used to increase functionality of the existing polynomiography software.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wiesław Kotarski
    • 1
  • Krzysztof Gdawiec
    • 1
  • Agnieszka Lisowska
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Computer ScienceUniversity of SilesiaPoland

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