Integrating Persistent Surveillance Systems into ISR Architecture
Persistent Surveillance is an increasingly important concept in today’s conflicts due to the asymmetric and complex nature of threats. With the proliferation of Persistent Surveillance Systems, NATO and its nations face a new challenge to integrate these systems into their overall Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) architecture. The same can be observed for the civil security domain. Persistent Surveillance Systems are widely used, but without integrating them into an overall Surveillance and Reconnaissance Architecture. This paper addresses the issue of integrating a Persistent Surveillance System into a standards-based architecture enabling efficient dissemination, search and retrieval. In particular, specific features of Persistent Surveillance Systems and current ISR architectures, potentially causing poor and inefficient integration, are identified. Functional and technical requirements and operating procedures are discussed as potential solutions to prevent these adverse effects. An example system compliant with the NATO ISR Interoperability Architecture (NIIA) is considered to demonstrate applicability and effectiveness of proposed solutions in a perimeter surveillance scenario. The proposed solutions, including the (I)SR Architecture are applicable also in the civil security domain.
KeywordsPersistent Surveillance ISR Architecture Interoperability
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