Safety and Security of Urban Areas through Innovative Architectural and Structural Concepts

  • Norbert Gebbeken
  • Torsten Döge
  • Martin Larcher
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 318)


In the past terrorist attacks were increasingly directed against so-called soft targets. Thus, it is necessary to analyze the threats and to protect “public spaces” in urban areas that are primarily not considered permanent critical infrastructure. Specific threats e.g. explosions, vehicle impact and impact of flying debris, arise from various scenarios. Public spaces are to be protected by structural, architectural and land shaping elements that are not recognized as protective elements by the public. This paper describes architectural attractive, art work, and constructional protective measures as well as intelligent design in landscape architecture for the protection of public spaces in urban areas. Overall, the paper deals with a non-standard development and use of physical protective measures.


Lightweight Protective Structure Explosions Protective Landscaping Protective curtains 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norbert Gebbeken
    • 1
  • Torsten Döge
    • 1
  • Martin Larcher
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Engineering Mechanics and Structural MechanicsUniversity of the Bundeswehr MunichGermany

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