Efficient Integration of External Information into Forecast Models from the Energy Domain
Forecasting is an important analysis technique to support decisions and functionalities in many application domains. While the employed statistical models often provide a sufficient accuracy, recent developments pose new challenges to the forecasting process. Typically the available time for estimating the forecast models and providing accurate predictions is significantly decreasing. This is especially an issue in the energy domain, where forecast models often consider external influences to provide a high accuracy. As a result, these models exhibit a higher number of parameters, resulting in increased estimation efforts. Also, in the energy domain new measurements are constantly appended to the time series, requiring a continuous adaptation of the models to new developments. This typically involves a parameter re-estimation, which is often almost as expensive as the initial estimation, conflicting with the requirement for fast forecast computation. To address these challenges, we present a framework that allows a more efficient integration of external information. First, external information are handled in a separate model, because their linear and non-linear relationships are more stable and thus, they can be excluded from most forecast model adaptations. Second, we directly optimize the separate model using feature selection and dimension reduction techniques. Our evaluation shows that our approach allows an efficient integration of external information and thus, an increased forecasting accuracy, while reducing the re-estimation efforts.
KeywordsForecasting External Information Efficiency
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