Morphology and Anatomy

  • Stefano Turillazzi


The general morphology and most important anatomical systems of Hover Wasps are described and discussed. Analytical comparisons illustrate the characteristics of particular body parts in different genera. The description of important and peculiar anatomical structures of adult females and males, mainly connected to reproductive and defensive apparatuses and mating systems, is accompanied by a discussion about their function in social biology. The morphology and anatomy of immature stages are also presented in a comparison with other social wasps.


Abdominal Segment Fore Wing Hind Wing Exocrine Gland Venom Gland 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefano Turillazzi
    • 1
  1. 1.Dep of Evolutionary Biology “L. Pardi”Università degli Studi di FirenzeFirenzeItaly

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