General Architecture of a Controlled Natural Language Based Multilingual Semantic Wiki

  • Kaarel Kaljurand
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7427)

Abstract

In this paper we propose the components, the general architecture and application areas for a controlled natural language based multilingual semantic wiki. Such a wiki is a collaborative knowledge engineering environment that makes its content available via multiple languages, both natural and formal, all of them synchronized via their abstract form that is assigned by a shared grammar. We also describe a preliminary implementation of such a system based on the existing technologies of Grammatical Framework, Attempto Controlled English, and AceWiki.

Keywords

semantic wiki multilinguality controlled natural language AceWiki Attempto Controlled English Grammatical Framework 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Angelov, K., Bringert, B., Ranta, A.: PGF: A Portable Run-time Format for Type-theoretical Grammars. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 19(2), 201–228 (2010), doi:10.1007/s10849-009-9112-yCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bao, J., Smart, P.R., Shadbolt, N., Braines, D., Jones, G.: A Controlled Natural Language Interface for Semantic Media Wiki. In: 3rd Annual Conference of the International Technology Alliance, ACITA 2009 (September 2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bringert, B., Angelov, K., Ranta, A.: Grammatical Framework Web Service. In: Proceedings of EACL 2009 (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Camilleri, J.J., Fuchs, N.E., Kaljurand, K.: Deliverable D11.1. ACE Grammar Library. Technical report, MOLTO project (June 2012), http://www.molto-project.eu/view/biblio/deliverables
  5. 5.
    Fuchs, N.E.: First-Order Reasoning for Attempto Controlled English. In: Rosner, M., Fuchs, N.E. (eds.) CNL 2010. LNCS, vol. 7175, pp. 73–94. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fuchs, N.E., Kaljurand, K., Kuhn, T.: Attempto Controlled English for Knowledge Representation. In: Baroglio, C., Bonatti, P.A., Małuszyński, J., Marchiori, M., Polleres, A., Schaffert, S. (eds.) Reasoning Web 2008. LNCS, vol. 5224, pp. 104–124. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fuchs, N.E., Kaljurand, K., Kuhn, T.: Discourse Representation Structures for ACE 6.6. Technical Report ifi-2010.0010, Department of Informatics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland (2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    W3C OWL Working Group. OWL 2 Web Ontology Language Document Overview. W3C Recommendation October 27 2009. Technical report, W3C (2009), http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-overview/.
  9. 9.
    Humayoun, M., Raffalli, C.: MathNat—Mathematical Text in a Controlled Natural Language. Journal on Research in Computing Science 46 (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kaljurand, K.: Attempto Controlled English as a Semantic Web Language. PhD thesis, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Tartu (2007)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kaljurand, K.: ACE View — an ontology and rule editor based on Attempto Controlled English. In: 5th OWL Experiences and Directions Workshop (OWLED 2008), Karlsruhe, Germany, October 26–27, 12 pages (2008)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kaljurand, K.: Paraphrasing controlled English texts. In: Fuchs, N.E. (ed.) Pre-Proceedings of the Workshop on Controlled Natural Language (CNL 2009). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, vol. 448 (2009)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kamp, H., Reyle, U.: From Discourse to Logic. Introduction to Modeltheoretic Semantics of Natural Language, Formal Logic and Discourse Representation Theory. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht (1993)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kuhn, T.: Controlled English for Knowledge Representation. PhD thesis, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Information Technology of the University of Zurich (2010)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kuhn, T.: Codeco: A Practical Notation for Controlled English Grammars in Predictive Editors. In: Rosner, M., Fuchs, N.E. (eds.) CNL 2010. LNCS, vol. 7175, pp. 95–114. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Luts, M., Tikkerbär, D., Saarmann, M., Kutateladze, M.: Towards a Community-Driven Controlled Natural Languages Evolution. In: Rosner, M., Fuchs, N.E. (eds.) Pre-Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Controlled Natural Languages (CNL 2010). CEUR Workshop Proceedings. CEUR-WS, vol. 622 (2010)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Meza Moreno, M.S., Bringert, B.: Interactive Multilingual Web Applications with Grammatical Framework. In: Nordström, B., Ranta, A. (eds.) GoTAL 2008. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 5221, pp. 336–347. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pool, J.: Can Controlled Languages Scale to the Web? In: 5th International Workshop on Controlled Language Applications (2006)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ranta, A.: The GF Resource Grammar Library. Linguistic Issues in Language Technology 2(2) (2009)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ranta, A.: Grammatical Framework: Programming with Multilingual Grammars. CSLI Publications, Stanford (2011) ISBN-10: 1-57586-626-9 (Paper), 1-57586-627-7 (Cloth)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Angelov, K., Ranta, A.: Implementing Controlled Languages in GF. In: Fuchs, N.E. (ed.) CNL 2009. LNCS, vol. 5972, pp. 82–101. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ranta, A., Enache, R., Détrez, G.: Controlled Language for Everyday Use: The MOLTO Phrasebook. In: Rosner, M., Fuchs, N.E. (eds.) CNL 2010. LNCS, vol. 7175, pp. 115–136. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Schaffert, S., Bry, F., Baumeister, J., Kiesel, M.: Semantic wikis. IEEE Software 25(4), 8–11 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schwitter, R., Ljungberg, A., Hood, D.: ECOLE — A Look-ahead Editor for a Controlled Language. In: Proceedings of EAMT-CLAW 2003, Joint Conference Combining the 8th International Workshop of the European Association for Machine Translation and the 4th Controlled Language Application Workshop on Controlled Translation, May 15–17, pp. 141–150. Dublin City University, Ireland (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaarel Kaljurand
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Computational LinguisticsUniversity of ZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations