Performance Analysis of Algorithms to Reason about XML Keys
Keys are fundamental for database management, independently of the particular data model used. In particular, several notions of XML keys have been proposed over the last decade, and their expressiveness and computational properties have been analyzed in theory. In practice, however, expressive notions of XML keys with good reasoning capabilities have been widely ignored. In this paper we present an efficient implementation of an algorithm that decides the implication problem for a tractable and expressive class of XML keys. We also evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm, demonstrating that reasoning about expressive notions of XML keys can be done efficiently in practice and scales well. Our work indicates that XML keys as those studied here have great potential for diverse areas such as schema design, query optimization, storage and updates, data exchange and integration. To exemplify this potential, we use the algorithm to calculate non-redundant covers for sets of XML keys, and show that these covers can significantly reduce the number of XML keys against which XML documents must be validated. This can result in enormous time savings.
KeywordsAdjacency List Path Expression XPath Query Document Object Model Implication Problem
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Apparao, V., et al.: Document object model (DOM) level 1 specification, W3C recommendation (1998), http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-DOM-Level-1/
- 5.Chen, Y., Davidson, S., Zheng, Y.: Xkvalidator: a constraint validator for XML. In: CIKM 2002: Proceedings of the 2002 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, pp. 446–452. ACM (2002)Google Scholar
- 6.Clark, J., DeRose, S.: XML path language (XPath) version 1.0, W3C recommendation (1999), http://www.w3.org/TR/xpath
- 9.Hartmann, S., Link, S.: Efficient reasoning about a robust XML key fragment. ACM Trans. Database Syst. 34(2) (2009)Google Scholar
- 11.Jungnickel, D.: Graphs, Networks and Algorithms. Springer (1999)Google Scholar
- 14.Suciu, D.: XML Data Repository, University of Washington (2002), http://www.cs.washington.edu/research/xmldatasets/www/repository.html
- 15.Thompson, H., Beech, D., Maloney, M., Mendelsohn, N.: XML Schema Part 1: Structures Second Edition, W3C Recommendation (2004), http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-1/