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Elementary Car-Following Models

  • Martin Treiber
  • Arne Kesting
Chapter

Abstract

Microscopic models describe traffic flow dynamics in terms of single vehicles. The mathematical formulations include car-following models, the topic of this and the next two chapters, and cellular automata, which are described in Chap.  13. This chapter begins with a discussion of general principles that apply to all microscopic models of traffic flow, such as the microscopic steady-state equilibrium, the micro-macro transition to the fundamental diagram, and heterogeneous traffic. The next sections discuss Newell’s car-following model and the Optimal Velocity Model (and variants thereof) as the generic examples of simple car-following models.

Keywords

Traffic Flow Traffic Light Speed Difference Optimal Velocity Speed Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Wirtschaft und VerkehrTU DresdenDresdenGermany
  2. 2.TomTom Development Germany GmbHBerlinGermany

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