General Structure of Doctrinal Sentencing
Punishment in criminal law is not imposed randomly or sporadically on the offender. It must reflect the legal social control embodied in criminal law by implementing the general purposes of punishment. Imposition of punishments in this way requires an organized structure, uniform for all offenders, as the concept of equality of all individuals before the law dictates. The basic structural elements of sentencing in criminal law, the requirement of uniformity, and the determination of the type and quantity of punishment are discussed below.