Application of Mössbauer Spectroscopy in Earth Sciences

  • Robert E. Vandenberghe
  • Eddy De Grave

Abstract

Iron being the fourth most abundant element in the earth crust, 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy has become a suitable additional technique for the characterization of all kind of soil materials and minerals. However, for that purpose a good knowledge of the spectral behavior of the various minerals is indispensable. In this chapter a review of the most important soil materials and rock-forming minerals is presented. It starts with a description of the Mössbauer spectroscopic features of the iron oxides and hydroxides, which are essentially present in soils and sediments. Further, the Mössbauer spectra from sulfides, sulfates and carbonates are briefly considered. Finally, the Mössbauer features of the typical and most common silicate and phosphate minerals are reported. The chapter ends with some typical examples, illustrating the use and power of Mössbauer spectroscopy in the characterization of minerals.

Keywords

Isomer Shift Quadrupole Splitting Hyperfine Field Magnetic Hyperfine Field Hyperfine Parameter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Darby Dyar, Enver Murad and Jean-Marie Génin for providing precious information about some specific items. Darby Dyar, Richard Morris and Jean-Marie Génin are also acknowledged for giving the authorization of using some of their figures.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert E. Vandenberghe
    • 1
  • Eddy De Grave
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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