EU Tools for the Protection of Victims of Serious and Organized Crime

Chapter

Abstract

Traditionally the European Union has been somewhat reticent in proposing specific rights for crime victims. That position changed significantly with the adoption in 2001 of the Framework Decision on the Standing of Victims in Criminal Proceedings which set down legally binding rights for victims and corresponding obligations on Member States to protect victims from primary and secondary victimisation. Whilst representing an important step forward in securing protection for victims, the Framework Decision has also been seen to fall short of its objectives in various respects. This has resulted in proposals for legislative reform including the introduction of the European Protection Order and the adoption of the draft Directive establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime. This chapter outlines the key rights and obligations set down in the Framework Decision and also considers the likely impact on the protection afforded to victims of the introduction of the proposed reforms.

Keywords

Primary Victimisation Criminal Justice System Secondary Victimisation Restorative Justice Framework Decision 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

ECHR

European Convention on Human Rights

ECJ

European Court of Justice

References

Books/Official Publications

  1. Ellison L (2001) The adversarial process and the vulnerable witness. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. European Commission (1999) Crime Victims in the European Union: Reflections on Standards and Action (COM/1999/359), BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  3. European Commission (2004) Report from the Commission on the basis of Article 18 of the Council Framework Decision of 15 March 2001 on the standing of victims in criminal proceedings (COM/2004/54), BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  4. European Commission (2011) Draft Directive establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime (COM/2011/275), BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  5. Victim Support Europe (2010) Project: Victims in Europe, LisbonGoogle Scholar
  6. Justice and Home Affairs Council (2001, 2002) Framework Decision on the Standing of Victims in Criminal Proceedings (2001/220/JHA), BrusselsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Durham Law SchoolDurham UniversityDurhamUK
  2. 2.Nottingham Law SchoolNottingham Trent UniversityNottinghamUK

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