Child Acquisition of Multiword Verbs: A Computational Investigation

  • Aida Nematzadeh
  • Afsaneh Fazly
  • Suzanne Stevenson
Chapter

Abstract

Traditional theories of grammar, as well as computational modelling of language acquisition, have focused either on aspects of word learning, or grammar learning. Work on intermediate linguistic constructions (the area between words and combinatory grammar rules) has been very limited. Although recent usage-based theories of language learning emphasize the role of multiword constructions, much remains to be explored concerning the precise computational mechanisms that underlie how children learn to identify and interpret different types of multiword lexemes. The goal of the current study is to bring in ideas from computational linguistics on the topic of identifying multiword lexemes, and to explore whether these ideas can be extended in a natural way to the domain of child language acquisition. We take a first step toward computational modelling of the acquisition of a widely-documented class of multiword verbs, such as take the train and give a kiss, that children must master early in language learning. Specifically, we show that simple statistics based on the linguistic properties of these multiword verbs are informative for identifying them in a corpus of child-directed utterances. We present preliminary experiments demonstrating that such statistics can be used within a word learning model to learn associations between meanings and sequences of words.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aida Nematzadeh
    • 1
  • Afsaneh Fazly
    • 2
  • Suzanne Stevenson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.School of Computer ScienceInstitute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM)TehranIran

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