Towards Open Data for Linguistics: Linguistic Linked Data

  • Christian ChiarcosEmail author
  • John McCrae
  • Philipp Cimiano
  • Christiane Fellbaum
Part of the Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing book series (NLP)


‘Open Data’ has become very important in a wide range of fields. However for linguistics, much data is still published in proprietary, closed formats and is not made available on the web. We propose the use of linked data principles to enable language resources to be published and interlinked openly on the web, and we describe the application of this paradigm to the modeling of two resources, WordNet and the MASC corpus. Here, WordNet and the MASC corpus serve as representative examples for two major classes of linguistic resources, lexical-semantic resources and annotated corpora, respectively.Furthermore, we argue that modeling and publishing language resources as linked data offers crucial advantages as compared to existing formalisms. In particular, it is explained how this can enhance the interoperability and the integration of linguistic resources. Further benefits of this approach include unambiguous identifiability of elements of linguistic description, the creation of dynamic, but unambiguous links between different resources, the possibility to query across distributed resources, and the availability of a mature technological infrastructure. Finally, recent community activities are described.


Resource Description Framework Language Resource Linguistic Resource Annotate Corpus Resource Description Framework Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The work of Christian Chiarcos was supported by a postdoc fellowship of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). The work of John McCrae and Philipp Cimiano was developed in the context of the Monnet project, which is funded by the European Union FP7 program under grant number 248458 and the CITEC excellence initiative funded by the DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft). Christiane Fellbaum’s work is supported by a grant from the U.S. National Science Foundation (CNS 0855157). We would also like to thank Nancy Ide and two anonymous reviewers for valuable comments and feedback.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Chiarcos
    • 1
    Email author
  • John McCrae
    • 2
  • Philipp Cimiano
    • 2
  • Christiane Fellbaum
    • 3
  1. 1.Information Sciences InstituteUniversity of Southern CaliforniaMarina del ReyUSA
  2. 2.Semantic Computing Group, Cognitive Interaction Technology Center of Excellence (CITEC)University of BielefeldBielefeldGermany
  3. 3.Computer Science DepartmentPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA

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