Nanoenergy pp 179-200 | Cite as

Magnesium Alloys as Anode Materials for Ni-MH Batteries: Challenges and Opportunities for Nanotechnology

  • Sydney Ferreira Santos
  • Flavio Ryoichi Nikkuni
  • Edson Antonio Ticianelli
Chapter

Abstract

New developments on portable electronics, electrical vehicles, and hybrid electrical vehicles have been creating a demand for secondary batteries with larger energy densities than those commercially available. In this scenarios the development of nickel‐metal hydride (Ni-MH) rechargeable batteries with improved energy densities is mandatory to achieve the present needs and also to face the tough competition with other technologies such as Li-ion batteries and low temperature fuel cells. The production of such batteries is closely related to the development of novel hydrogen storage materials which can be successfully achieved through the incorporation of new finds of nanotechnology. In this chapter, some fundamental aspects concerning Ni-MH cells and their component materials are introduced. Moreover, recent developments on anode materials, its challenges and perspectives are overviewed. On this subject, special emphasis is given for the nanostructured Mg alloys which are promising candidates for this application.

Keywords

Discharge Capacity Mechanical Alloy Hydrogen Storage Alloy Electrode Quaternary Alloy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sydney Ferreira Santos
    • 1
  • Flavio Ryoichi Nikkuni
    • 2
  • Edson Antonio Ticianelli
    • 2
  1. 1.CECSUniversidade Federal do ABCSanto André-SPBrazil
  2. 2.IQSCUniversidade de São PauloSão Carlos-SPBrazil

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