The State-of-the-Art in Biomimetics
Biomimetics is the development of novel technologies through the distillation of principles from the study of biological systems. It can, in principle, extend to all fields of biological research from physiology and molecular biology to ecology, and from zoology to botany. Another key focus is on complete behaving systems in the form of biomimetic robots. Historically, the term was first used by Otto Schmitt during the 1950s, when he described a biological approach to engineering that he termed biomimetics.