Investigating Satellite Landsat TM and ASTER Multitemporal Data Set to Discover Ancient Canals and Acqueduct Systems

  • Rosa Lasaponara
  • Nicola Masini
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7335)

Abstract

In this paper, we focus on the use of the Landsat and ASTER multitemporal data set for extracting information on ancient irrigation systems and artificial wet agro-ecosystems. The study area is the Nazca basin in Southern Peru selected mainly for its extreme drought. Despite these critical environment conditions, the area was populated since millennia ago thanks to adequate survival strategies developed by ancient Nazca populations. To cope with hostile environmental factors and water scarcity, efficient aqueduct systems, today called puquios, were devised and some of them are still in use today. The main purpose of our investigations was the identification of buried unknown puquios by using satellite multitemporal maps of vegetation indices and moisture content. Results from satellite data were also identified on the ground, checked and confirmed in situ. The successful results obtained in the Nazca Basin suggest that our methodological approach can be efficiently re-used in a number of areas, characterized by similar environmental conditions and long human frequentation.

Keywords

GIS satellite based Analysis ancient irrigation systems Spatial variation Moisture index vegetation index Nazca (Peru) 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Lasaponara, R., Masini, N.: Following the ancient Nazca puquios from space. In: Lasaponara, R., Masini, N. (eds.) Satellite Remote Sensing a New Tool for Archaeology, pp. 269–290. Springer (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stargardt, J., Amable, G., Devereux, B.: Irrigation Is Forever: A Study of the Post-destruction Movement of Water Across the Ancient Site of Sri Ksetra, Central Burma. In: Lasaponara, R., Masini, N. (eds.) Satellite Remote Sensing a New Tool for Archaeology, pp. 247–267. Springer (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Masini, N., Lasaponara, R., Rizzo, E., Orefici, G.: Integrated Earth observation methods in Cahuachi (Peru): studies and results of the ITACA Mission (2007-10). In: Lasaponara, R., Masini, N. (eds.) Satellite Remote Sensing: a New Tool for Archaeology, pp. 307–344. Springer, New York (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Orefici, G.: Cahuachi, the largest adobe Ceremonial centre in the world. In: Nazca. El desierto del los Dioses de Cahuachi, Graph, Lima, pp. 36–59 (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Orefici, G.: El Proyecto Azca. In: Nazca. El desierto del los Dioses de Cahuachi, Graph, Lima, pp. 18–35 (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Montoya, M., Gracia, W., Caidas, J.: Geologıa de los Quadrangulos de Lomitas, Palpa, Nazca y Puquio, INGGEMET (Istituto Geologico Minero y Metallurgico), Lima (1942)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mejia, X.T.: Acueductos y Caminos Antiguos de la Hoya del Río Grande de Azca. In: Actas y Trabajos científicos del XXVII Congreso Internacional de Americanistas. Librería e Imprenta GIL, vol. 1, pp. 559–569 (1942)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schreiber, K.H.: Irrigation and Society in the Peruvian Desert: The Puquios of Azca. Lexington Books, Lanham (2003)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schreiber, K.H., Lancho, R.J.: Los puquios de Nazca: un sistema de galerías filtrantes. In: Boletín de Lima, vol. 59, pp. 51–62. Editorial Los Pinos, Lima (1988)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schreiber, K.H., Lancho, R.J.: El control del agua y los puquios de Azca. Nazca. El desierto del los Dioses de Cahuachi, Graph, Lima, pp. 132–151 (2009)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Silverman, H.: Cahuachi in the Ancient Nazca World. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City (1993)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Solar La Cruz, F.: Nazca Filtering Galleries; galerías filtrantes. Universidad Abraham Valdelomar, Lima (1997)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lasaponara, R., Masini, N.: Image enhancement, feature extraction, and geospatial analysis in an archaeological perspective. In: Lasaponara, R., Masini, N. (eds.) Satellite Remote Sensing: a New Tool for Archaeology, pp. 17–63. Springer, New York (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kauth, R.J., Thomas, G.S.: The Tasseled Cap – a graphical description of the spectral-temporal development of agricultural crops as seen by Landsat. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Machine Processing of Remotely Sensed Data, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, pp. 4B41–4B51 (1976)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosa Lasaponara
    • 1
  • Nicola Masini
    • 1
  1. 1.CNR-IMAATito ScaloItaly

Personalised recommendations