A Method for Enterprise Architecture Alignment

  • Tony Clark
  • Balbir S. Barn
  • Samia Oussena
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 120)


Business and ICT strategic alignment remains an ongoing challenge facing organizations as they react to changing requirements by adapting or introducing new technologies to existing infrastructure. Enterprise Architecture (EA) has increasingly become relevant to these demands and as a consequence numerous methods and frameworks have emerged. However these approaches remain bloated, time-consuming and lacking in precision. This paper proposes a light-weight method for EA called LEAP and introduces a language for EA simulation that is illustrated with a detailed case study of business change currently being addressed by UK higher education institutions.


Enterprise Architecture Simulation Alignment 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Arsanjani, A., Ghosh, S., Allam, A., Abdollah, T., Ganapathy, S., Holley, K.: Soma: A method for developing service-oriented solutions. IBM Systems Journal 47(3), 377–396 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Assmann, M., Engels, G.: Transition to Service-Oriented Enterprise Architecture. In: Morrison, R., Balasubramaniam, D., Falkner, K. (eds.) ECSA 2008. LNCS, vol. 5292, pp. 346–349. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Biggs, B.: Ministry of defence architectural framework (modaf). IEE Seminar Digests 43 (2005)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bucher, T., Fischer, R., Kurpjuweit, S., Winter, R.: Analysis and application scenarios of enterprise architecture: An exploratory study. In: 10th IEEE International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference Workshops, EDOCW 2006 (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Buhr, R.J.A., Casselman, R.S.O.: Use case maps for object-oriented systems, vol. 302. Prentice Hall (1996)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chan, Y.E., Reich, B.H.: IT alignment: what have we learned? Journal of Information Technology 22(4), 297–315 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cheesman, J., Daniels, J.: UML components. Addison-Wesley (2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D’Souza, D.F., Wills, A.C.: Objects, components, and frameworks with UML: the catalysis approach. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc., Boston (1999)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ekstedt, M., Johnson, P., Lindstrom, A., Gammelgard, M., Johansson, E., Plazaola, L., Silva, E., Lilieskold, J.: Consistent enterprise software system architecture for the cio - a utility-cost based approach. In: Proceedings of the 37th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS 2004 (2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Frank, U.: Multi-perspective enterprise modeling (memo) conceptual framework and modeling languages. In: Proceedings of the 35th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS 2002, pp. 1258–1267. IEEE (2002)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Goethals, F.G., Snoeck, M., Lemahieu, W., Vandenbulcke, J.: Management and enterprise architecture click: The fad (e) e framework. Information Systems Frontiers 8(2), 67–79 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    The Open Group. Archimate technical standard (2008),
  13. 13.
    Henderson, J.C., Venkatraman, N.: Strategic alignment: Leveraging information technology for transforming organizations. IBM Systems Journal 32(1) (1993)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Huemer, C., Liegl, P., Motal, T., Schuster, R., Zapletal, M.: The development process of the un/cefact modeling methodology. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Electronic Commerce, p. 36. ACM (2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    ITU. Basic reference model of open distributed processing - part 1: Overview and guide to use. ITU Recommendation X.901 | ISO/IEC 10746-1. ISO/ITU (1994)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Johnson, P., Johansson, E., Sommestad, T., Ullberg, J.: A tool for enterprise architecture analysis. In: 11th IEEE International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference, EDOC 2007, pp. 142–142. IEEE (2007)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Johnson, P., Lagerström, R., Närman, P., Simonsson, M.: Enterprise architecture analysis with extended influence diagrams. Information Systems Frontiers 9(2) (2007)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lankhorst, M.: Introduction to enterprise architecture. In: Enterprise Architecture at Work. The Enterprise Engineering Series. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Michelson, B.M.: Event-driven architecture overview. Patricia Seybold Group (2006)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Niemann, K.D.: From enterprise architecture to IT governance: elements of effective IT management. Vieweg+ Teubner Verlag (2006)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ould, M.A.: Business Process Management: a rigorous approach. British Informatics Society Ltd. (2005)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Overbeek, S., Klievink, B., Janssen, M.: A flexible, event-driven, service-oriented architecture for orchestrating service delivery. IEEE Intelligent Systems 24(5), 31–41 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pereira, C.M., Sousa, P.: A method to define an enterprise architecture using the zachman framework. In: Proceedings of the 2004 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, pp. 1366–1371. ACM (2004)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Raymond, K.: Reference model of open distributed processing (rm-odp): Introduction. In: IFIP TC6 International Conference on Open Distributed Processing, pp. 3–14. Chapman and Hall, Brisbane (1995)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Riege, C., Aier, S.: A Contingency Approach to Enterprise Architecture Method Engineering. In: Feuerlicht, G., Lamersdorf, W. (eds.) ICSOC 2008. LNCS, vol. 5472, pp. 388–399. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sharon, G., Etzion, O.: Event-processing network model and implementation. IBM Systems Journal 47(2), 321–334 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Spencer, J., et al.: TOGAF Enterprise Edition Version 8.1 (2004)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Steen, M.W.A., Strating, P., Lankhorst, M.M., ter Doest, H., Iacob, M.E.: Service-oriented enterprise architecture. In: Stojanovic, Z., Dahanayake, A. (eds.) Service Oriented Systems Engineering, Hershey, pp. 132–154 (2005)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Tang, A., Han, J., Chen, P.: A comparative analysis of architecture frameworks. In: 11th Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference, 2004, pp. 640–647. IEEE (2004)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wegmann, A., Balabko, P., Lê, L.S., Regev, G., Rychkova, I.: A method and tool for business-it alignment in enterprise architecture. In: CAiSE 2005 Forum. Citeseer (2005)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wegmann, A., Regev, G., Rychkova, I., Lê, L.S., De La Cruz, J.D., Julia, P.: Business and it alignment with seam for enterprise architecture. In: 11th IEEE International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference, EDOC 2007, p. 111. IEEE (2007)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wirfs-Brock, R., Wilkerson, B., Wiener, L.: Designing object-oriented software, vol. 13. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1990)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Wisnosky, D.E., Vogel, J.: DoDAF Wizdom: A Practical Guide to Planning, Managing and Executing Projects to Build Enterprise Architectures Using the Department of Defense Architecture Framework, DoDAF (2004)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Zachman, J.A.: A framework for information systems architecture. IBM Systems Journal 38(2/3) (1999)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tony Clark
    • 1
  • Balbir S. Barn
    • 1
  • Samia Oussena
    • 2
  1. 1.Middlesex UniversityLondonUK
  2. 2.University of West LondonUK

Personalised recommendations