Differences between Traditional and Open Source Development Activities
The growing importance of open source software (OSS) has led researchers to study how OSS processes differ from traditional software engineering processes. The aim of this study is to determine the differences and similarities between development process activities (requirements, design, and implementation) enacted by the OSS community and established by IEEE Standard 1074:2006. We conducted a systematic mapping study to find out which activities are part of the OSS development process. We identified a total of 22 primary studies. Of these, 46% described activities related to the requirements process, just over 60% reported activities related to design and almost all accounted for activities related to implementation. The OSS community does not enact prescriptive software engineering models. OSS requirements are evolved using several different web artefacts, as well as through continual interactions in forums and via messaging. Requirements are asserted rather than elicited. A common feature of all OSS projects is that software system design and implementation is modular. The priority in the OSS community is implementation. Anyone, developers or users, can make contributions, including designs and code.
KeywordsSystematic Mapping Study Software Development Process Open Source Requirements Engineering
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Scacchi, W., Jensen, C., Noll, J., Elliott, M.: Multi-Modal Modeling of Open Source Software Requirements Processes. In: First International Conference on Open Source Systems, Genova, Italy, pp. 1–8 (2005) Google Scholar
- 2.Tian, Y.: Developing an Open Source Software Development Process Model Using Grounded Theory, Universidad of Nebraska – Lincoln, NB, USA, 143 p. (2006)Google Scholar
- 3.Potdar, V., Chang, E.: Open Source and Closed Source Software Development Methodologies. In: 26th International Conference on Software Engineering, pp. 105–109 (2004) Google Scholar
- 7.Mockus, A., Fielding, R.T., Herbsleb, J.: A Case Study of Open Source Software Development: The Apache Server. In: 22nd International Conference on Software Engineering, Limerck, Ireland, pp. 263–272 (2000) Google Scholar
- 10.Godfrey, M.V., Tu, Q.: Evolution in Open Source Software: A Case Study. In: International Conference Software Maintenance (ICSM 2000), San José, CA, pp. 131–142 (2000)Google Scholar
- 11.IEEE Std 1074:2006: IEEE Standard for Developing Software Life Cycle Processes. IEEE Computer Society (2006) Google Scholar
- 12.Petersen, K., Feldt, R., Mujtaba, S., Mattsson, M.: Systematic Mapping Studies in Software Engineering. In: 12th International Conference on Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering, pp. 71–80 (2008)Google Scholar
- 13.IEEE Computer Society Professional Practices Committee: Guide to the Software Engineering Body of Knowledge (SWEBOK, version 2004). IEEE Computer Society. Los Alamitos (2004)Google Scholar