Soil Geography

  • Hans-Peter Blume
  • Gerhard W. Brümmer
  • Heiner Fleige
  • Rainer Horn
  • Ellen Kandeler
  • Ingrid Kögel-Knabner
  • Ruben Kretzschmar
  • Karl Stahr
  • Berndt-Michael Wilke
Chapter

Abstract

Soils are natural bodies and as such four-dimensional sections of the Earth’s crust, in which the media rock, water, air and organisms are interacting. In doing so, it is important that the soils are populated by organisms. Soils may not be considered as a living organism, but rather as a complex system of pores and solids. Soils consist of four phases: the gaseous, liquid, solid mineral and solid organic phases.

Keywords

Soil Cover Soil Zone Soil Development Forest Steppe Ground Moraine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

Supplementary Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans-Peter Blume
    • 1
  • Gerhard W. Brümmer
    • 6
  • Heiner Fleige
    • 1
  • Rainer Horn
    • 1
  • Ellen Kandeler
    • 2
  • Ingrid Kögel-Knabner
    • 3
  • Ruben Kretzschmar
    • 4
  • Karl Stahr
    • 2
  • Berndt-Michael Wilke
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Plant Nutrition and Soil SciencesChristian-Albrechts-University zu KielKielGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Soil Science and Land EvaluationHohenheim UniversityStuttgartGermany
  3. 3.Chair of Soil ScienceTechnische Universität MünchenFreising-WeihenstephanGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant DynamicsETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  5. 5.Institute of EcologyTechnical University BerlinBerlinGermany
  6. 6.Institute of Crop Science and Resource ConservationUniversity of BonnBonnGermany

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