The STEVIN Programme: Result of 5 Years Cross-border HLT for Dutch Policy Preparation

  • Peter Spyns
  • Elisabeth D’Halleweyn
Part of the Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing book series (NLP)


In 1999, the Dutch Language Union, a binational intergovernmental organisation has created the HLT Platform as a means to start an exchange of plans and policy initiatives amongst government officials of Flanders and the Netherlands concerning human language technology for Dutch. During the past decade, the cooperation between these partners has intensified over time and culminated in the definition and execution of a joint R&D programme, called STEVIN. This paper summarises the past decade of (major) HLTD policy initiatives that led to the creation of the STEVIN in the Low Countries. It sketches the institutional framework in which the STEVIN-programme flourished. In addition, it provides the main conclusions of the evaluation the STEVIN programme. The external evaluators qualified the programme as successful.



We thank our colleagues of the Nederlandse Taalunie, the HLT board, the HLT Agency, and members of the various related working groups as well as the programme office for their committed collaboration. The reviewers are to be acknowledged for their comments. STEVIN results are presented on the STEVIN web site ( and are available via the HLT Agency (


  1. 1.
    Akkermans, J., Hochheimer-Richheimer, D., van Rij, I.: Nulmeting STEVIN: startpunt voor bepaling effect STEVIN-programma. Technical report, M&I Partners, Amersfoort (2007) (in Dutch)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Beeken, J., Dewallef, E., D’Halleweyn, E.: A platform for Dutch in human language technologies. In: Proceedings of LREC 2000, pp. 63–66, Athens (2000)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Binnenpoorte, D., Cucchiarini, C., D’Halleweyn, E., Sturm, J., de Vriend, F.: Towards a roadmap for human language technologies: Dutch-Flemish experience. In: Proceedings of LREC2002, Las Palmas (2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Binnenpoorte, D., de Vriend, F., Sturm, J., Daelemans, W., Strik, H., Cucchiarini, C.: A field survey for establishing priorities in the development of HLT resources for Dutch. In: Proceedings of the Third International Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC2002), Las Palmas (2002)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Boersma, P.: PRAAT, a system for doing phonetics by computer. Glot Int. 5:9/10, 341–345 (2001)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bouma, G., Schuurman, I.: De positie van het Nederlands in taal- en spraaktechnologie. Technical report, Nederlandse Taalunie (1998)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bouma, G., Schuurman, I.: Intergovernmental language policy for Dutch and the language and speech technology infrastructure. In: Rubio, A., Gallardo, N., Castro, R., Tejada A. (eds.) Proceedings of the First International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, Granada, pp. 509–513 (1998)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Daelemans, W., Binnenpoorte, D., de Vriend, F., Sturm, J., Strik, H., Cucchiarini, C.: Establishing priorities in the development of HLT resources: the Dutch-Flemish experience. In: Daelemans, W., du Plessis, T., Snyman, C., Teck, L. (eds.) Multilingualism and electronic language management: proceedings of the 4th International MIDP Colloquium, pp. 9–23. Van Schaik, Pretoria (2005)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Deuten, J., Mostert, B., Nooijen, A., van der Veen, G., Zuijdam, F.: Eindevaluatie STEVIN-programma. Technical report, The Technopolis Group (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dewallef, E.: Language Engineering in Flanders. Ministry of the Flemish Community, Brussels (1998)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D’Halleweyn, E., Odijk, J., Teunissen, L., Cucchiarini, C.: The Dutch-Flemish HLT Programme STEVIN: essential speech and language technology resources. In: Proceedings of LREC 2006, pp. 761–766, Genoa (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Goetschalckx, J., Cucchiarini, C., Van Hoorde, J.: Machine translation for Dutch: the NL-Translex project why machine translation? In: Temmerman, R., Lutjeharms, M. (eds.) Proceedings of the International Colloquium Trends in Special Language and Language Technology, Brussels, pp. 261–280. Standaard Editions, Antwerp (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Joscelyne, A., Lockwood, R., Euromap Language Technologies: Benchmarking HLT Progress in Europe. Center for Sprogteknologi, Copenhagen (2003)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kessens, J., van Leeuwen, D.: N-Best: the northern and southern Dutch evaluation of speech recognition technology. In: Proceedings of Interspeech 2007, Antwerp, pp. 1354–1357 (2007)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Krauwer, S.: The Basic Language Resource Kit (BLARK) as the first milestone for the Language Resources Roadmap. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop Speech and Computer (2003).
  16. 16.
    Oksanen, V., Lindén, K., Westerlund, H.: Laundry symbols and license management: practical considerations for the distribution of LRs based on experiences from CLARIN. In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’10), Marrakech (2010)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Oostdijk, N.: The design of the Spoken Dutch Corpus. In: New Frontiers of Corpus Research, pp. 105–112. Rodopi, Amsterdam/New York (2002)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Raw, A., Vandecapelle, B., Van Eynde, F.: Eurotra: an overview. Interface. J. Appl. Linguist. 3 (1), 5–32 (1988)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Spyns, P., D’Halleweyn, E.: Flemish-Dutch HLT policy: evolving to new forms of collaboration. In: Calzolari, N., Mouradi, A., et al. (eds.) Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC10), pp. 2855–2862. ELRA, Valletta (2010)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Spyns, P., D’Halleweyn, E.: Joint research coordination and programming for HLT for Dutch in the Low Countries. J. Linguist. Resour. Eval. (2013, under revision)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Spyns, P., D’Halleweyn, E.: Smooth sailing for STEVIN. In: Calzolari, N., Mouradi, A., et al. (eds.) Proceedings of the 8th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC12), pp. 1021–1028. ELRA, La Valletta (2012)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Spyns, P., D’Halleweyn, E., Cucchiarini, C.: The Dutch-Flemish comprehensive approach to HLT stimulation and innovation: STEVIN, HLT Agency and beyond. In: Proceedings of the Sixth International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’08), Marrakech, pp. 1511–1517 (2008)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Strik, H., Daelemans, W., Binnenpoorte, D., Sturm, J., de Vriend, F., Cucchiarini, C.: Dutch HLT resources: from BLARK to priority lists. In: Proceedings of ICSLP, Denver (2002)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    van der Beek, L.: Van rekenmachine tot taalautomaat in de Lage Landen, Groningen (2011). (in Dutch),
  25. 25.
    van Veenendaal, R., van Eerten, L., Cucchiarini, C.: The Flemish-Dutch HLT Agency: a comprehensive approach to language resources lifecycle management & sustainability for the Dutch language. In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2010), La Valetta (2010)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Váradi, T., Krauwer, S., Wittenburg, P., Wynne, M., Koskenniemi, K.: CLARIN: common language resources and technology infrastructure. In: Proceedings of the Sixth International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’08), Marrakech, pp. 1244–1248 (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Open Access. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nederlandse TaalunieDen HaagNederland
  2. 2.Vlaamse overheid – Departement EconomieWetenschap en InnovatieBrusselBelgium

Personalised recommendations