Tides in Planetary Systems and in Multiple Stars: a Physical Picture

Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 857)

Abstract

Many stars belong to close binary or multiple stellar systems. Moreover, since 1995, a large number of extrasolar planetary systems have been discovered where planets can orbit very close to their host star. Finally, our own Solar system is the seat of many interactions between the Sun, the planets, and their natural satellites. Therefore, in such astrophysical systems, tidal interactions are one of the key mechanisms that must be studied to understand the celestial bodies’ dynamics and evolution. Indeed, tides generate displacements and flows in stellar and planetary interiors. The associated kinetic energy is then dissipated into heat because of internal friction processes. This leads to secular evolution of orbits and of spins with characteristic time-scales that are intrinsically related to the properties of dissipative mechanisms, the latter depending both on the internal structure of the studied bodies and on the tidal frequency. This lecture is thus aimed to recall the basics of the tidal dynamics and to describe the different tidal flows or displacements that can be excited by a perturber, the conversion of their kinetic energy into heat, the related exchanges of angular momentum, and the consequences for astrophysical systems evolution.

Keywords

Internal Wave Giant Planet Tidal Interaction Dynamical Tide Tidal Frequency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

S. Mathis thanks warmly the organisers of the school, C. Neiner and J.-P. Rozelot, for their invitation to give this lecture. This work was supported in part by the Programme National de Planétologie (CNRS/INSU), the Programme National de Physique Stellaire (CNRS/INSU), the EMERGENCE-UPMC project EME0911, and the CNRS Physique théorique et ses interfaces program.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire AIM Paris-Scalay, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Université Paris Diderot, IRFU/SApCEAGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  2. 2.LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, Université Pierre et Marie CurieObservatoire de ParisMeudonFrance
  3. 3.LUTH, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Paris DiderotObservatoire de ParisMeudon CedexFrance
  4. 4.IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, UMR 8028 du CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie CurieObservatoire de ParisParisFrance

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