Advertisement

Understanding Team Dynamics in Distributed Agile Software Development

  • Siva Dorairaj
  • James Noble
  • Petra Malik
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 111)

Abstract

Team dynamics are patterns of interaction among team members that determine the performance of the team. Success of Agile software development depends on team interaction. Team interactions are, however, affected in distributed teams. Through a Grounded Theory study that involved 40 Agile practitioners from 24 different software companies in the USA, India, and Australia, we investigate the key concerns of distributed Agile teams. We found Agile teams depend significantly on team interaction, and adopt six strategies that promote effective team interaction in distributed software development.

Keywords

Team Dynamics Team Interaction Agile Methods Grounded Theory Distributed Teams 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Castka, P., Bamber, C., Sharp, J., Belohoubek, P.: Factors affecting successful implementation of high performance teams. Team Performance Management 7, 123–134 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fiore, S.M.: Distributed coordination space: Toward a theory of distributed team process and performance. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 4, 340–364 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Espinosa, J.A., Slaughter, S.A., Kraut, R.E., Herbsleb, J.D.: Familiarity, complexity, and team performance in geographically distributed software development. Organization Science 18, 613–630 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Johnson, D.W., Johnson, F.P.: Joining Together: Group Theory and Group Skills, 4th edn. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1991)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Katzenbach, J.R., Smith, D.K.: The Wisdom of Teams: Creating the High-performance Organization. Harvard Business School Press, Boston (1993)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Korkala, M., Abrahamsson, P.: Communication in distributed Agile development: A case study. In: 33rd EUROMICRO Conference on Software Engineering and Advanced Applications, pp. 203–210 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Korkala, M., Pikkarainen, M., Conboy, K.: Distributed Agile Development: A Case Study of Customer Communication Challenges. In: Abrahamsson, P., Marchesi, M., Maurer, F. (eds.) XP 2009. LNBIP, vol. 31, pp. 161–167. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Prikladnicki, R., Audy, J.L.N., Damian, D., de Oliveira, T.C.: Distributed software development: Practices and challenges in different business strategies of offshoring and onshoring. In: International Conference on Global Software Engineering, pp. 262–274 (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Layman, L., Williams, L., Damian, D., Bures, H.: Essential communication practices for Extreme Programming in a global software development team. Information and Software Technology 48, 781–794 (2006); Special Issue Section: Distributed Software DevelopmentCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Moe, N.B., Dingsoyr, T., Dyba, T.: A teamwork model for understanding an Agile team: A case study of a Scrum project. Information and Software Technology 52, 480–491 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Glaser, B.G., Strauss, A.L.: The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Sociology Press, Aldine (1967)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Paasivaara, M., Lassenius, C.: Could global software development benefit from Agile methods? In: IEEE International Conference on Global Software Engineering, pp. 109–113. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Schwaber, K., Beedle, M.: Agile Software Development with Scrum. Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River (2001)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hoda, R., Noble, J., Marshall, S.: Organizing self-organizing teams. In: Proceedings of the 32nd ACM/IEEE International Conference on Software Engineering, New York, USA, pp. 285–294 (2010)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Whitworth, E., Biddle, R.: The social nature of Agile teams. In: Proceedings of the AGILE, pp. 26–36. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2007)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Martin, A., Biddle, R., Noble, J.: The XP customer team: A grounded theory. In: Proceedings of the AGILE Conference, pp. 57–64 (2009)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Glaser, B.: Doing Grounded Theory: Issues and Discussions. Sociology Press, Mill Valley (1998)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Urquhart, C., Lehmann, H., Myers, M.D.: Putting the ‘theory’ back into grounded theory: guidelines for grounded theory studies in information systems. Information Systems Journal 20, 357–381 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Glaser, B.: Basics of Grounded Theory Analysis: Emergence vs Forcing. Sociology Press, Mill Valley (1992)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Glaser, B.: Theoritical Sensitivity: Advances in Methodology of Grounded Theory. Sociology Press, Mill Valley (1978)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Glaser, B.G.: The constant comparative method of qualitative analysis. Social Problems 12, 436–445 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dorairaj, S., Noble, J., Malik, P.: Understanding the Importance of Trust in Distributed Agile Projects: A Practical Perspective. In: Sillitti, A., Martin, A., Wang, X., Whitworth, E. (eds.) XP 2010. LNBIP, vol. 48, pp. 172–177. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Dorairaj, S., Noble, J., Malik, P.: Bridging cultural differences: A grounded theory perspective. In: Proceedings of the 4th India Software Engineering Conference, ISEC 2011, pp. 3–10. ACM, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Dorairaj, S., Noble, J., Malik, P.: Effective Communication in Distributed Agile Software Development Teams. In: Sillitti, A., Hazzan, O., Bache, E., Albaladejo, X. (eds.) XP 2011. LNBIP, vol. 77, pp. 102–116. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Braithwaite, K., Joyce, T.: XP Expanded: Distributed Extreme Programming. In: Baumeister, H., Marchesi, M., Holcombe, M. (eds.) XP 2005. LNCS, vol. 3556, pp. 180–188. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bianchi-berthouze, N., Kleinsmith, A.: A categorical approach to affective gesture recognition. Connection Science 15, 259–269 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siva Dorairaj
    • 1
  • James Noble
    • 1
  • Petra Malik
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Engineering and Computer ScienceVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations