Rough Pragmatic Description Logic

  • Zbigniew Bonikowski
  • Edward Bryniarski
  • Urszula Wybraniec-Skardowska
Part of the Intelligent Systems Reference Library book series (ISRL, volume 43)


In this chapter, a rough description logic is built on the basis of a pragmatic standpoint of representation of knowledge. The pragmatic standpoint has influenced the acceptance of a broader definition of the semantic network than that appearing in the literature. The definition of the semantic network is a motivation of the introduced semantics of the language of the descriptive logic. First, the theoretical framework of representation of knowledge that was proposed in the papers [24,25] is adjusted to the description of data processing. The pragmatic system of knowledge representation is determined, as well as situations of semantic adequacy and semantic inadequacy for represented knowledge are defined. Then, it is shown that general information systems (generalized information systems in Pawlak’s sense) presented in the paper [5] can be interpreted in pragmatic systems of knowledge representation. Rough sets in the set-theoretical framework proposed in papers [7,8] are defined for the general information systems. The pragmatic standpoint about objects is also a motivation to determine a model of semantic network. This model is considered as a general information system. It determines a formal language of the descriptive logic. The set-theoretical framework of rough sets, which was introduced for general information systems, makes it possible to describe the interpretation of this language in the theory of rough sets. Therefore this interpretation includes situations of semantic inadequacy. At the same time, for the class of all interpretations of this type, there exists a certain descriptive logic, which — in this chapter — is called rough pragmatic description logic.


Pragmatic knowledge representation semantically adequate knowledge vague knowledge pragmatic information system generalized pragmatic information system rough set semantic network description logic rough pragmatic descriptive logic 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zbigniew Bonikowski
    • 1
  • Edward Bryniarski
    • 1
  • Urszula Wybraniec-Skardowska
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Mathematics and InformaticsOpole UniversityOpolePoland
  2. 2.Group of Logic, Language and InformationOpole UniversityOpolePoland

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