Canada

Chapter

Abstract

Cooperatives in Canada have a rich history marked by the plural forces that have been at work shaping the country, and the cooperative movement, in kind. Canada is a bi-lingual parliamentary democracy comprised of ten provinces and three territories, all of which are common law jurisdictions and primarily English-speaking; the exception being the French-speaking province of Québec that operates under a system of civil law. Canada’s natural abundance and sheer size provide the backdrop against which cooperative laws have developed, providing the conditions for cooperative enterprise to flourish on the one hand, and giving rise to parallel, and at times distinct systems of law, on the other. This chapter will begin by contextualizing the emergence of cooperatives in Canada, and then go on to illustrate the national cooperative legal framework. Where necessary, some distinctly provincial laws will be highlighted to provide a fuller picture of Canadian cooperative law.

Keywords

Supra Note Credit Union Share Capital Business Corporation Cooperative Movement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

I would like to extend my gratitude to Prof. Claude-André Guillotte, of the University of Sherbrooke and Prof. Tom Webb of St. Mary’s University for their assistance with this chapter. Also, this work was made possible by the Critical Research Laboratory in Law and Society at Osgoode Hall Law School through its support of the Cooperative Governance Initiative and cooperative law research.

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Further Reading

  1. Chapman HE (2012) Sharing my life: building the cooperative movement, University of Saskatchewan, Centre for the Study of Co-operatives. Harold E. Chapman, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  2. Côte D (2007) Best prcatices and cooperative development in Québec. In: Emmanuel J, Cayo L (eds) Effective practices in starting coops: the voice of Canadian Coop Developers. University of Victoria, VictoriaGoogle Scholar
  3. Ish D, Ring K (1996) Legal responsibilities of directors and officers in Canadian co-operatives. University of Saskatchewan, Centre for the Study of Co-operatives, SaskatoonGoogle Scholar
  4. Laycock D (1987) Co-operative-government relations in Canada: lobbying public policy development and the changing cooperative system. University of Saskatchewan, Centre for the Study of Co-operatives, SaskatoonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Critical Research Laboratory in Law and Society (CRL)Osgoode Hall Law SchoolTorontoCanada

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