Web-Based GIS and Desktop Open Source GIS Software: An Emerging Innovative Approach for Water Resources Management

  • Sangeeta Verma
  • Ravindra Kumar Verma
  • Anju Singh
  • Neelima S. Naik
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (volume 167)


This paper introduces an overview of Web-based GIS and its applications and some of the easily assessable Desktop Open Source GIS Software with easy–to–follow guidance that will help water resource decision-maker and interested stakeholder. Web-based GIS is a prospective application in GIS and represents an important advancement over the traditional desktop GIS. Its application eliminates duplication and inconsistency (which is often possible between GIS professionals) and makes location information conveniently and intuitively accessible across organization/s, at a lower cost per user. Internet provides a medium for processing geo-related information and spatial information to users at an amount larger than traditional GIS. XML and Java have been developed to facilitate the utilization of the internet as well as to provide a coding standard in the software industry. Therefore, in the last few years, there has been a significant development in the area of free and open source GIS software. This paradigm shift from stand-alone GIS to open access Web GIS services provide greater opportunities for sustainable solutions in water resource management and planning.


Geographic Information System Web-based GIS Water Resource Management Open Source GIS Software 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    WWAP, Water for People, Water for Life, UN World Water Development Report. Prepared as a collaborative effort of 23 UN agencies and convention secretariats co-ordinated by the World Water Assessment Programme, UNESCO, Paris (2003),
  2. 2.
    Martin, P.H., LeBoeuf, E.J., Dobbins, J.P., Daniel, E.B., Abkowitz, M.D.: Interfacing GIS with water Resource models: A state-of-the-art review. Journal of the American Water Resource Association, 1471–1487 (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    McDonnell, R.A.: Including the spatial dimension: Using geographical Information systems in hydrology. Progress in Physical Geography 20(2), 159–177 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Castrogiovannia, E.M., Loggia, G.L., Noto, L.V.: Design storm prediction and hydrologic modeling using a web-GIS approach on a free-software platform. Journal of Atmospheric Research 77, 367–377 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sui, D.Z., Maggio, R.C.: Integrating GIS with hydrological modeing: practices, problems, and prospects. Journal of Computer, Environment and Urban Systems 23(1), 33–51 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Al-Sabhan, W., Mulligan, M., Blackburn, G.A.: A real-time hydrological model for flood prediction using GIS and the WWW. Journal of Computer, Environment and Urban Systems 27, 9–32 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Alesheikh, A.A., Helali, H., Behroz, H.A.: Web GIS: Technologies and Its Application. In: Symposium on Geospatial Theory, Processing and Application (2002), (Access on 10.12.2011)
  9. 9.
    Chen, D., Shams, S., Moreno, C.C., Leone, A.: Assessment of open source GIS software for water resources management in developing countries. Journal of Hydro-environment Research 4(3), 253–264 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    OGC: WMS Implementation Specification,
  11. 11.
    OGC: WFS Implementation Specification,
  12. 12.
    OGC: OpenGIS Web Processing Service,
  13. 13.
    Peng, Z.R.: An assessment framework for the development of Internet GIS. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 26(1), 117–132 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tripathy, G.K.: Web-GIS based urban planning and information system for municipal corporations-A distributed and real-time system for public utility and town planning. Geospatial Application (2002),
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
    International Water Management Institute, IWMI (2008),
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
    Awad, M., Khawlie, M., Darwich, T.: WebBased meta database and its role in improve water resource management in Mediterranean basin. Journal of Water Resource Management 23, 2669–2680 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
    MapServer (2007),
  33. 33.
  34. 34.
  35. 35.
    GlobalXplorer Satellite Images Portal (2008),
  36. 36.
    Alexandria Digitallibrary, ADLO, Satellite images and GIS Portal (2005),
  37. 37.
    Google Earth GIS and Remote Sensing Databases (2008),
  38. 38.
  39. 39.
    Rathore, D.S., Chalisgaonkar, D., Pandey, R.P., Ahmad, T., Singh, Y.: AWeb GIS Application for Dams and Drought in India. Indian Society of Remote Sensing 38(4), 670–673 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
  41. 41.
    Open Source GIS,
  42. 42.
  43. 43.
  44. 44.
  45. 45.
  46. 46.
  47. 47.
    Fletcher, J.J., Sun, Q., Strager, M.P.: GIS application for stream water management in West Virginia. In: Proc. of International Conferences on Info-tech and Info-net (ICII), vol. 4, pp. 113–123 (2001)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Choi, J.Y., Engel, B.A.: Real-Time Watershed Delineation System Using Web-GIS. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering 17(3), 189–196 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Anselin, L., Kim, Y.W., Syabri, I.: Web-based analytical tools for the exploration of spatial data. Journal of Geographic Systems 6, 197–218 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Choi, J.-Y., Engel, B.A., Farnsworth, R.L.: Web-based GIS and spatial decision support system for watershed management. Journal of Hydroinformatics 7(3), 165–174 (2005)Google Scholar
  51. 51.
  52. 52.
    Wang, X., Homer, M., Dyer, S.D., White-Hull, C., Du, C.: A river water quality model integrated with a web-based geographic information system. Journal of Environmental Management 75, 219–228 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Rajani, N., Rekola, J., Mielonen, T.: Free as in education: significance of the free/libre and open source software for developing countries. World Summit on the Information Society (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sangeeta Verma
    • 1
  • Ravindra Kumar Verma
    • 1
  • Anju Singh
    • 1
  • Neelima S. Naik
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Environmental StudiesNational Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE)MumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations