Formation of cultivated flora is constitutionally interconnected with human activities (Menabde 1961). It makes an integral part of the material culture of mankind. The most ancient memorials of human activities date back to the Palaeolithic. The earliest traces of agriculture in Georgia belong to the Mesolithic period. Among the monuments of this era are stone tools – pestles and graters. Archaeological findings of charred remains of wheat, barley, millet and flax seeds, as well as of agricultural utensils such as grain-grates, sickles, etc., confirm the diversity of the cultivated flora of Neolithic and particularly of the Eneolithic period.
KeywordsWheat Crop Stone Tool Wheat Species Soft Wheat Flax Seed
- Menabde VJ (1961) Cultivated flora of Georgia. In: Sakhokia MF (ed) Botanical excursions over Georgia. Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of Georgian SSR, Tbilisi, pp 69–76Google Scholar