Biorefinery Applications of Corynebacterium glutamicum

Chapter
Part of the Microbiology Monographs book series (MICROMONO, volume 23)

Abstract

The biorefinery concept is an emerging concept for conducting industrial processes to manufacture a range of commodity chemicals, fuels, and energy from biomass-based feedstock. The current interest in implementing a biorefinery industry is largely derived by a combination of rising petroleum prices as well as the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and atmospheric CO2 levels to mitigate global warming. To date, Corynebacterium glutamicum-based technology has not been considered as the primary manufacturing platform for sustainable chemicals. Indeed, despite a long history of use for the industrial production of amino acids, C. glutamicum, as compared to Escherichia coli or Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has been scarcely studied and engineered to fit the needs of the lignocellulosic biorefinery. However, progress over the last decade in the understanding of its molecular physiology and metabolic engineering makes this microorganism an attractive option as a biorefinery biocatalyst. In addition, the development of a novel bioprocess using growth-arrested cells of C. glutamicum under oxygen deprivation constitutes a promise for biorefinery research and development. In this chapter, recent studies on the development of C. glutamicum as a commodity chemicals producer are reviewed and the key challenges that remain to overcome in order to deliver the full potential of this microbe to produce commodity chemicals are outlined.

Keywords

Lignocellulosic Biomass Crude Glycerol Xylose Reductase Oxygen Deprivation Xylitol Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE)KizugawaJapan

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