# Independent Domination on Tree Convex Bipartite Graphs

• Yu Song
• Tian Liu
• Ke Xu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7285)

## Abstract

An independent dominating set in a graph is a subset of vertices, such that every vertex outside this subset has a neighbor in this subset (dominating), and the induced subgraph of this subset contains no edge (independent). It was known that finding the minimum independent dominating set (Independent Domination) is $$\cal{NP}$$-complete on bipartite graphs, but tractable on convex bipartite graphs. A bipartite graph is called tree convex, if there is a tree defined on one part of the vertices, such that for every vertex in another part, the neighborhood of this vertex is a connected subtree. A convex bipartite graph is just a tree convex one where the tree is a path. We find that the sum of larger-than-two degrees of the tree is a key quantity to classify the computational complexity of independent domination on tree convex bipartite graphs. That is, when the sum is bounded by a constant, the problem is tractable, but when the sum is unbounded, and even when the maximum degree of the tree is bounded, the problem is $$\cal{NP}$$-complete.

## Keywords

Bipartite Graph Maximum Degree Chordal Graph Minimum Cardinality Satisfying Assignment
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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