The Role of Civil Society in Indonesia’s Military Reform

Chapter
Part of the Global Power Shift book series (GLOBAL)

Abstract

In post-authoritarian states, the problem of military reform often becomes a major challenge to the process of democratization. The challenge becomes particularly acute in countries where the tradition of civilian control over the military is weak or non-existent. Indonesia constitutes such a state. The military, albeit in its embryonic form, took part in the process of state-creation during the period of revolutionary war in 1945–1949 against the returning Dutch. From the outset of the post-independence era the military, as an important party in Indonesia’s struggle for independence, claimed a historical justification for its involvement in state affairs. Successive domestic upheavals that plagued Indonesia over the first two decades of the post-independence period – from various regional rebellions in the 1950s to bloody internal political struggle in the mid-1960s that led to the destruction of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) by the Army – consolidated the Indonesian military’s position as the backbone of the state and regime since 1966.

Keywords

Civil Society Defense Policy Civil Society Actor Civilian Actor Security Sector Reform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)JakartaIndonesia

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