Neoproterozoic to Lower Paleozoic Sequences of the Congo Shield: Comparisons Between the Congo and Its Peripheral Basins

  • Étienne Kadima Kabongo
  • Damien Delvaux
  • Michel Everaerts
  • Mwene Ntabwoba Stanislas Sebagenzi
  • Francis Lucazeau
Chapter
Part of the Regional Geology Reviews book series (RGR)

Abstract

The Congo Basin (CB) was initiated during a Neoproterozoic intracratonic rifting process across the Congo Shield, possibly related to the break-up of the Rodinia Supercontinent. The Neoproterozoic history of the CB remains poorly constrained because it is largely concealed by Phanerozoic sequences and is thus accessible only by drilling and geophysical investigations. Neoproterozoic basins peripheral to the CB, however, share first-order similarities in their stratigraphic successions: an initial coarse clastic sequence followed by a thick carbonate sequences and terminating by a dominantly siliciclastic sequence. The subsequent transition to the Lower Paleozoic is influenced by regional Pan-African deformation and molasses-like foreland basin sediment-fill. The Neoproterozoic stratigraphy and structure beneath the CB can be tested also using data from two fully cored stratigraphic wells (Samba: 2,038 m and Dekese: 1,836 m), and two exploration wells (Gilson-1: 4,563 m and Mbandaka-1: 4,350 m), seismic refraction and reflection profiles, gravimetric and magnetic data. Synthesizing this data, we show that the CB shares a similar early evolution as its flanking basins in that they all initiated in extensional tectonic environments and were subsequently affected by compressional deformation during late Neoproterozoic to Early Cambrian Pan-African orogenesis.

Keywords

Seismic Profile Congo Basin Seismic Unit Residual Gravity Anomaly Regional Unconformity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Frame Agreement program MRAC-DGCD under project S1_RDC_Geodyn_UNILU. E. Kadima and S. Sebagenzi gratefully acknowledge this program and the Royal Museum for Central Africa for coordinating this project. C. Blanpied is thanked for further discussion on the interpretation of seismic profiles. M. de Wit and B. Linol are thanked for the critical review of several versions of this Ms.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Étienne Kadima Kabongo
    • 1
  • Damien Delvaux
    • 2
  • Michel Everaerts
    • 2
  • Mwene Ntabwoba Stanislas Sebagenzi
    • 1
  • Francis Lucazeau
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Géophysique et Géodynamique, Département de GéologieUniversité de LubumbashiLubumbashiDR Congo
  2. 2.Geodynamics and Mineral Resources, Royal Museum for Central AfricaTervurenBelgium
  3. 3.Dynamique des Fluides Géologiques, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris/SorbonneParisFrance

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