Introduction

  • Su-Il Pyun
  • Heon-Cheol Shin
  • Jong-Won Lee
  • Joo-Young Go
Chapter
Part of the Monographs in Electrochemistry book series (MOEC)

Abstract

One of our research concerns is to determine the rate-determining step (RDS) for the overall lithium and hydrogen insertion into and desertion from lithium/hydrogen insertion compounds. The “slowest” reaction step among the series of reaction steps of the overall reaction is often referred to as the RDS, which is the most strongly disturbed (hindered) from the equilibrium for the RDS. In the same sense, other reaction steps are called relatively “fast” reactions for which the equilibria are practically undisturbed. Therefore, the RDS is quantitatively evaluated in terms of the overpotential, (overvoltage) η, which is defined as the difference in potential between the instantaneous actual and equilibrium values and/or “relaxation (time)” delineated by the time lag between the electrical voltage (potential) and current. The overpotential and relaxation time are also measured relative to the electrochemical equilibrium values of a “linear system,” which is effective for the constraint of electrical energy |zFE| ≪ thermal energy RT. Here, z means the oxidation number, F the Faradaic constant (96,485°C mol−1), E the electrode potential, R the gas constant, and T the absolute temperature.

Keywords

Potential Step Exchange Current Density Complex Impedance Plane Ladder Network Electrical Field Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Su-Il Pyun
    • 1
  • Heon-Cheol Shin
    • 2
  • Jong-Won Lee
    • 3
  • Joo-Young Go
    • 4
  1. 1.Dept. Materials Science & Eng. Korea Adv. Inst. of Science and Techn.Jeju National UniversityDaejeonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.School of Materials Science & Eng.Pusan National Univ.Busan, Geumjeong-guRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Fuel Cell Research CenterKorea Inst. of Energy ResearchDaejonRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.SB LiMotive Co., LtdGyeonggi-doRepublic of Korea

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