Study Design and Research Methodology in Sports Medicine

  • Asbjørn ÅrøenEmail author
  • Einar Andreas Sivertsen
  • Britt Elin Øiestad
  • Sverre Løken
  • Lars Petter Granan


Sports injuries occur often at young ages at all levels of sports activity. These injuries may cause lifelong disability or problems for future sport or work participation. Currently, the treatment of these injuries is of major importance to the individual and to the society both seen from the quality of life perspective but also from the economical point of view. Decisions about treatment must be evidence based. Knowledge about study design and methodology is crucial in order to detect misleading studies or reviews that unfortunately sometimes are published in this field [1]. Knowledge of study designs and the potential weaknesses of study designs are necessary to obtain the best treatment to people with sports injuries. In this chapter, we present knowledge about how to plan, perform, and evaluate studies in sports medicine.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Sport Injury Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture 
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Copyright information

© ESSKA 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asbjørn Årøen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Einar Andreas Sivertsen
    • 1
  • Britt Elin Øiestad
    • 2
  • Sverre Løken
    • 3
  • Lars Petter Granan
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryAkershus University Hospital and Oslo Sports Trauma CenterNordbyhagenNorway
  2. 2.Hjelp24 NIMINorwegian Research Center for Active RehabilitationOsloNorway
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryOslo University Hospital Ullevål and Oslo Sports Trauma CenterNydalen, OsloNorway
  4. 4.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationOslo University Hospital, Norwegian Knee Ligament Registry, Oslo Sports Trauma Research CenterNydalen, OsloNorway

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