Nanomaterials for Enzyme Biofuel Cells

Chapter

Abstract

This book chapter describes the recent advances in the design of novel materials for enzymatic fuel cells. Energy conversion using biologic catalysts became a steady growing research field for supplying nomad or implantable devices due to the high specifity for the substrates and the high efficiency of redox enzymes. The constant issue, however, is the electric connection of the enzymatic redox centre to the electrode to obtain a high efficient biofuel cell. Among many advantages, nanotechnology have been offering exciting tools to achieve efficient interfacing between redox enzymes and electrical circuitry, while providing high active surfaces. We briefly introduce the principles that govern the production of electrical energy from biofuels using a biofuel cell. We focus our discussion on nanomaterials that have realized the efficient immobilization and wiring of enzymes, in particular carbon nanotubes, inorganic and polymer nanoparticles. We highlight the successfull use of these advanced materials in the engineering of enzyme electrodes and the design of novel miniaturized biofuel cell setups.

Keywords

Layered Double Hydroxide Open Circuit Voltage Redox Mediator Direct Electron Transfer Maximum Power Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Serge Cosnier
    • 1
  • Alan Le Goff
    • 1
  • Michael Holzinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Département de Chimie Moléculaire, UMR-5250, ICMG FR-2607, CNRSUniversité Joseph FourierGrenoble Cedex 9France

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