Evolving Seasonal Forecasting Models with Genetic Programming in the Context of Pricing Weather-Derivatives
In this study we evolve seasonal forecasting temperature models, using Genetic Programming (GP), in order to provide an accurate, localised, long-term forecast of a temperature profile as part of the broader process of determining appropriate pricing model for weather-derivatives, financial instruments that allow organisations to protect themselves against the commercial risks posed by weather fluctuations. Two different approaches for time-series modelling are adopted. The first is based on a simple system identification approach whereby the temporal index of the time-series is used as the sole regressor of the evolved model. The second is based on iterated single-step prediction that resembles autoregressive and moving average models in statistical time-series modelling. Empirical results suggest that GP is able to successfully induce seasonal forecasting models, and that autoregressive models compose a more stable unit of evolution in terms of generalisation performance for the three datasets investigated.
KeywordsRoot Mean Square Error Fusarium Head Blight Seasonal Forecast Symbolic Regression Weather Derivative
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